Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds

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Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds. / Pattison, D I; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Chemical Research in Toxicology, Vol. 14, No. 10, 2001, p. 1453-64.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pattison, DI & Davies, MJ 2001, 'Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds', Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol. 14, no. 10, pp. 1453-64.

APA

Pattison, D. I., & Davies, M. J. (2001). Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 14(10), 1453-64.

Vancouver

Pattison DI, Davies MJ. Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2001;14(10):1453-64.

Author

Pattison, D I ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds. In: Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2001 ; Vol. 14, No. 10. pp. 1453-64.

Bibtex

@article{bd704cc174954a5fb5d23e81af4a1d47,
title = "Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds",
abstract = "Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a potent oxidant, which is produced in vivo by activated phagocytes. This compound is an important antibacterial agent, but excessive or misplaced production has been implicated in a number of human diseases, including atherosclerosis, arthritis, and some cancers. Proteins are major targets for this oxidant, and such reaction results in side-chain modification, backbone fragmentation, and cross-linking. Despite a wealth of qualitative data for such reactions, little absolute kinetic data is available to rationalize the in vitro and in vivo data. In this study, absolute second-order rate constants for the reactions of HOCl with protein side chains, model compounds, and backbone amide (peptide) bonds have been determined at physiological pH values. The reactivity of HOCl with potential reactive sites in proteins is summarized by the series: Met (3.8 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Cys (3.0 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > cystine (1.6 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately His (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately alpha-amino (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Trp (1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Lys (5.0 x 10(3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Tyr (44 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Arg (26 M(-1) x s(-1)) > backbone amides (10-10(-3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Gln(0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Asn (0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)). The rate constants for reaction of HOCl with backbone amides (peptide bonds) vary by 4 orders of magnitude with uncharged peptide bonds reacting more readily with HOCl than those in a charged environment. These kinetic parameters have been used in computer modeling of the reactions of HOCl with human serum albumin, apolipoprotein-A1 and free amino acids in plasma at different molar excesses. These models are useful tools for predicting, and reconciling, experimental data obtained in HOCl-induced oxidations and allow estimations to be made as to the flux of HOCl to which proteins are exposed in vivo.",
keywords = "Amino Acids, Apolipoprotein A-I, Computer Simulation, Forecasting, Humans, Hypochlorous Acid, Kinetics, Oxidants, Oxidation-Reduction, Peptides, Protein Structure, Secondary, Serum Albumin",
author = "Pattison, {D I} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2001",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
pages = "1453--64",
journal = "Chemical Research in Toxicology",
issn = "0893-228X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "10",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Absolute rate constants for the reaction of hypochlorous acid with protein side chains and peptide bonds

AU - Pattison, D I

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a potent oxidant, which is produced in vivo by activated phagocytes. This compound is an important antibacterial agent, but excessive or misplaced production has been implicated in a number of human diseases, including atherosclerosis, arthritis, and some cancers. Proteins are major targets for this oxidant, and such reaction results in side-chain modification, backbone fragmentation, and cross-linking. Despite a wealth of qualitative data for such reactions, little absolute kinetic data is available to rationalize the in vitro and in vivo data. In this study, absolute second-order rate constants for the reactions of HOCl with protein side chains, model compounds, and backbone amide (peptide) bonds have been determined at physiological pH values. The reactivity of HOCl with potential reactive sites in proteins is summarized by the series: Met (3.8 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Cys (3.0 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > cystine (1.6 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately His (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately alpha-amino (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Trp (1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Lys (5.0 x 10(3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Tyr (44 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Arg (26 M(-1) x s(-1)) > backbone amides (10-10(-3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Gln(0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Asn (0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)). The rate constants for reaction of HOCl with backbone amides (peptide bonds) vary by 4 orders of magnitude with uncharged peptide bonds reacting more readily with HOCl than those in a charged environment. These kinetic parameters have been used in computer modeling of the reactions of HOCl with human serum albumin, apolipoprotein-A1 and free amino acids in plasma at different molar excesses. These models are useful tools for predicting, and reconciling, experimental data obtained in HOCl-induced oxidations and allow estimations to be made as to the flux of HOCl to which proteins are exposed in vivo.

AB - Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) is a potent oxidant, which is produced in vivo by activated phagocytes. This compound is an important antibacterial agent, but excessive or misplaced production has been implicated in a number of human diseases, including atherosclerosis, arthritis, and some cancers. Proteins are major targets for this oxidant, and such reaction results in side-chain modification, backbone fragmentation, and cross-linking. Despite a wealth of qualitative data for such reactions, little absolute kinetic data is available to rationalize the in vitro and in vivo data. In this study, absolute second-order rate constants for the reactions of HOCl with protein side chains, model compounds, and backbone amide (peptide) bonds have been determined at physiological pH values. The reactivity of HOCl with potential reactive sites in proteins is summarized by the series: Met (3.8 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Cys (3.0 x 10(7) M(-1) x s(-1)) > cystine (1.6 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately His (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately alpha-amino (1.0 x 10(5) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Trp (1.1 x 10(4) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Lys (5.0 x 10(3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Tyr (44 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Arg (26 M(-1) x s(-1)) > backbone amides (10-10(-3) M(-1) x s(-1)) > Gln(0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)) approximately Asn (0.03 M(-1) x s(-1)). The rate constants for reaction of HOCl with backbone amides (peptide bonds) vary by 4 orders of magnitude with uncharged peptide bonds reacting more readily with HOCl than those in a charged environment. These kinetic parameters have been used in computer modeling of the reactions of HOCl with human serum albumin, apolipoprotein-A1 and free amino acids in plasma at different molar excesses. These models are useful tools for predicting, and reconciling, experimental data obtained in HOCl-induced oxidations and allow estimations to be made as to the flux of HOCl to which proteins are exposed in vivo.

KW - Amino Acids

KW - Apolipoprotein A-I

KW - Computer Simulation

KW - Forecasting

KW - Humans

KW - Hypochlorous Acid

KW - Kinetics

KW - Oxidants

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Peptides

KW - Protein Structure, Secondary

KW - Serum Albumin

M3 - Journal article

VL - 14

SP - 1453

EP - 1464

JO - Chemical Research in Toxicology

JF - Chemical Research in Toxicology

SN - 0893-228X

IS - 10

ER -

ID: 138279702