Solvent change co-precipitation with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate to improve dissolution characteristics of a poorly water-soluble drug

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Research compound GWX belongs to biopharmaceutical classification system type II, and hence shows dissolution-rate-limited absorption. To improve its dissolution performance, GWX was formulated as a co-precipitate with hydroxypropyl methylcellulose phthalate (HPMCP). Co-precipitates with various drug-HPMCP ratios were prepared and characterised using modulated differential scanning calorimetry (MDSC), X-ray powder diffraction, HPLC and dissolution testing. Co-precipitates with 1:9 and 2:8 drug-HPMCP ratios showed the highest extent of dissolution after both 5 and 90 min, followed by 3:7, 4:6, and 5:5 drug-HPMCP co-precipitates, in respective order. Co-precipitates with drug-HPMCP ratios of 6:4 and greater showed no significant improvement in dissolution over crystalline drug alone. The amounts of crystalline and amorphous drug in co-precipitates, as determined by MDSC, and HPLC quantification of the total amount of drug in co-precipitates were used to determine the amount of drug incorporated into solid solution. It was found that dissolution rate and extent was correlated to the amount of drug incorporated into amorphous solid solution for the 1:9 to 5:5 drug-HPMCP ratio co-precipitates. Amorphous drug alone and physical mixtures of drug and HPMCP showed very little and no significant improvement in dissolution rate or extent, respectively, above crystalline drug alone. Amorphous drug alone re-crystallized to a large extent within 1 min of contact with the dissolution medium, whereas 4:6 drug-HPMCP co-precipitate showed a lower degree of re-crystallization and 2:8 drug-HPMCP co-precipitate showed very little re-crystallization. It was concluded that the likely mechanisms of improved dissolution of low drug-HPMCP ratio co-precipitates were improved wetting or increased surface area for mass transfer, thermodynamically enhanced dissolution of a higher energy amorphous form and inhibition of re-crystallization, when drug was incorporated into solid solution.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Pharmacy and Pharmacology
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1041-7
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2002
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Biological Availability, Chemical Precipitation, Chemistry, Pharmaceutical, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Methylcellulose, Pharmaceutical Preparations, Solubility, X-Ray Diffraction

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