Preservation of cardiac function by prolonged action potentials in mice deficient of KChIP2
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Inherited ion channelopathies and electrical remodeling in heart disease alter the cardiac action potential with important consequences for excitation-contraction coupling. Potassium channel-interacting protein 2 (KChIP2) is reduced in heart failure and interacts under physiological conditions with both Kv4 to conduct the fast-recovering transient outward K(+) current (Ito,f) and with CaV1.2 to mediate the inward L-type Ca(2+) current (ICa,L). Anesthetized KChIP2(-/-) mice have normal cardiac contraction despite the lower ICa,L, and we hypothesized that the delayed repolarization could contribute to the preservation of contractile function. Detailed analysis of current kinetics shows that only ICa,L density is reduced, and immunoblots demonstrate unaltered CaV1.2 and CaVβ2 protein levels. Computer modeling suggests that delayed repolarization would prolong the period of Ca(2+) entry into the cell, thereby augmenting Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release. Ca(2+) transients in disaggregated KChIP2(-/-) cardiomyocytes are indeed comparable to wild-type transients, corroborating the preserved contractile function and suggesting that the compensatory mechanism lies in the Ca(2+)-induced Ca(2+) release event. We next functionally probed dyad structure, ryanodine receptor Ca(2+) sensitivity, and sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) load and found that increased temporal synchronicity of the Ca(2+) release in KChIP2(-/-) cardiomyocytes may reflect improved dyad structure aiding the compensatory mechanisms in preserving cardiac contractile force. Thus the bimodal effect of KChIP2 on Ito,f and ICa,L constitutes an important regulatory effect of KChIP2 on cardiac contractility, and we conclude that delayed repolarization and improved dyad structure function together to preserve cardiac contraction in KChIP2(-/-) mice.
|Journal||American Journal of Physiology: Heart and Circulatory Physiology|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1 Aug 2015|