Persistent facial pain conditions

Research output: Contribution to journalReviewResearchpeer-review


  • Heli Forssell
  • Per Alstergren
  • Bakke, Merete
  • Tore Bjørnland
  • Satu K. Jääskeäinen
Persistent facial pains, especially temporomandibular disorders (TMD), are common conditions. As dentists are responsible for the treatment of most of these disorders, up-to date knowledge on the latest advances in the field is essential for successful diagnosis and management. The review covers TMD, and different neuropathic or putative neuropathic facial pains such as persistent idiopathic facial pain and atypical odontalgia, trigeminal neuralgia and painful posttraumatic trigeminal neuropathy. The article presents an overview of TMD pain as a biopsychosocial condition, its prevalence, clinical features, consequences, central and peripheral mechanisms, diagnostic criteria (DC/TMD), and principles of management. For each of the neuropathic facial pain entities, the definitions, prevalence, clinical features, and diagnostics are described. The current understanding of the pathophysiology of these entities is presented, and a description of the evidence based treatment methods is provided.
Original languageEnglish
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)138-144
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2016

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