Occupational contact dermatitis in hairdressers: an analysis of patch test data from the Danish contact dermatitis group, 2002-2011

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Jakob F Schwensen
  • Johansen, Jeanne Duus
  • Niels K Veien
  • Anne T Funding
  • Christian Avnstorp
  • Morten Osterballe
  • Klaus E Andersen
  • Evy Paulsen
  • Charlotte G Mortz
  • Mette Sommerlund
  • Anne Danielsen
  • Bo L Andersen
  • Jens Thormann
  • Ove Kristensen
  • Berit Kristensen
  • Susanne Vissing
  • Niels H Nielsen
  • Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan
  • Heidi Søsted

BACKGROUND: Occupational contact dermatitis among hairdressers is frequent, owing to daily exposure to irritants and allergens.

OBJECTIVES: To identify sensitization to the most common allergens associated with the occupation of hairdressing.

METHODS: Patch test results of 399 hairdressers and 1995 matched controls with contact dermatitis, registered by the Danish Contact Dermatitis Group between January 2002 and December 2011, were analysed. All patients were patch tested with the European baseline series, and hairdressers were additionally tested with the hairdressing series.

RESULTS: Occupational contact dermatitis (p < 0.001) and hand eczema (p < 0.001) were observed significantly more often among hairdressers than among controls. Atopic dermatitis was less commonly observed among hairdressers (21.3%) than among controls (29.4%) (p < 0.01). Allergens from the European baseline series with a statistically significant association with the occupation of hairdressing were p-phenylenediamine, thiuram mix, and benzocaine. Frequent sensitizers from the hairdressing series were ammonium persulfate, toluene-2,5-diamine, 3-aminophenol, and 4-aminophenol. Cysteamine hydrochloride and chloroacetamide emerged as new sensitizers.

CONCLUSIONS: These results indicate a healthy worker effect among hairdressers diagnosed with eczema. Ammonium persulfate and p-phenylenediamine remain frequent sensitizers in hairdressers with contact dermatitis. Cysteamine hydrochloride and chloroacetamide should be included in future surveillance studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalContact Dermatitis
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)233-237
Number of pages5
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

    Research areas

  • Acetamides, Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Allergens, Aminophenols, Ammonium Sulfate, Barbering, Benzocaine, Coloring Agents, Cysteamine, Denmark, Dermatitis, Allergic Contact, Dermatitis, Occupational, Female, Hair Dyes, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Patch Tests, Phenylenediamines, Thiram, Young Adult

ID: 138226895