Multicomponent recreational team handball training improves global health status in postmenopausal women at the long term - A randomised controlled trial

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We studied the long-term effects of a multicomponent exercise training protocol (recreational team handball training, RTH) on global health status in inactive postmenopausal women. Participants (n = 45; age 65 ± 6 years, stature 157 ± 6 cm, body mass 66.2 ± 9.4 kg, fat mass 41.4 ± 5.5%, VO2peak 25.7 ± 3.6  mL/min/kg) were randomized into a control group (CG; n = 14) and a multicomponent exercise training group (EXG; n = 31, performing 2-3 weekly 60-min RTH sessions). Attendance was 2.0 ± 0.4 sessions/week (first 16 weeks) and 1.4 ± 0.5 (following 20 weeks) and mean heart rate (HR) loading was 77 and 79% of maximal HR (p = 0.002) for the first 16 and the following 20 weeks, respectively. Cardiovascular, bone, metabolic health, body composition and physical fitness markers were evaluated at baseline, and after 16 and 36 weeks. An interaction (p ≤ 0.046) was shown for the 2-h oral glucose tolerance test, HDL, Yo-Yo intermittent endurance level 1 test (YYIE1) and knee strength, in favour of EXG. At 36 weeks YYIE1 and knee strength were higher (p ≤ 0.038) for EXG vs CG. Also, within-group improvements (p ≤ 0.043) were observed after 36 weeks for EXG in VO2peak, lumbar spine bone mineral density, lumbar spine bone mineral content, P1NP, osteocalcin, total cholesterol, HDL, LDL, body mass, android fat mass, YYIE1, knee strength, handgrip strength and postural balance. At 36 comparatively to 16 weeks, EXG showed an increase (p ≤ 0.036) in fasting blood glucose, HDL, knee strength and handgrip strength, and a decrease (p ≤ 0.025) in LDL. Collectively, this multicomponent exercise training (RTH) induces beneficial changes in global health status in postmenopausal women.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Sport Science
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)1789-1799
Number of pages11
Publication statusPublished - 2023

    Research areas

  • Faculty of Science - Bone metabolism, Fitness, Lipid profile, Menopause, Team sports, VO2max

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