Morphology and Structure of Solid Lipid Nanoparticles Loaded with High Concentrations of β-Carotene

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articlepeer-review

Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) containing up to 37.5 wt % all-trans β-carotene in the lipid phase are potential water-dispersible food colorants. SLNs have been made by hot-melt high-pressure homogenization with fully hydrogenated sunflower oil and with polysorbate 80 and sunflower lecithin as stabilizers. Atomic force microscopy revealed the SLNs had thin platelet structures most likely derived from the triglyceride crystal β-form, as detected by X-ray diffraction. No indications of crystalline β-carotene were detected. High-performance liquid chromatography analysis showed the extensive isomerization of β-carotene into more than 10 cis isomers, suggesting that it is present as an amorphous mixture. The high β-carotene loadings did not affect the triglyceride crystal structure and the morphology of the SLNs. It is suggested the SLNs consist of a platelet core of crystalline triglyceride surrounded by an amorphous β-carotene-containing layer. The layered structure is suggested to affect the coloring power of the SLNs at β-carotene loadings above 15 wt % of the lipid phase.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry
Issue number44
Pages (from-to)12273-12282
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 2019

    Research areas

  • AFM, food color, SLN, X-ray diffraction, β-carotene

ID: 230896700