Litho- and biostratigraphy of the early Eocenelarger benthic foraminifera-dominated carbonates of the central Tethys domain, Zagros Foreland Basin, SW Iran

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


  • Fulltext

    Final published version, 14.7 MB, PDF document

The Early Paleogene Tethyan domain saw the development of large platform carbonates rich in large benthic foraminifera (LBF), of which the Taleh Zang Formation in Lurestan Basin, SW Iran, represents an excellent example. The LBF assemblage is dominated by alveolinids, together with a variety of foraminiferal genera such as Nummulites, Rotalia, Sackesaria, Assilina, Operculina, and Glomalveolina. Smaller benthic foraminifera, calcareous algae, gastropods, echinoids, and bivalves constitute minor components of the carbonate. Biostratigraphy analysis of the LBF is conducted on two distinct sections of the Taleh Zang Fm. The sections referred to as TZ-1 and TZ-2 have respective thicknesses of 87 m and 132 m. This analysis has constrained the formation age to the early Ypresian within Shallow Benthic Zones (SBZs) 5–7. Facies analysis supports the major accumulation of these successions in a shallow water environment within the euphotic zone. We recognize 9 distinct facies and microfacies representing four main depositional environments including tidal flat, lagoon, bioclastic shoal, and shallow open marine. These environments are distributed along a low-angle homoclinal ramp and form the foundation of a stratigraphic interpretation characterized by intervals displaying shallowing and deepening trends. Three shallowing-upward intervals have been identified within the Taleh Zang succession. The determined intervals cannot be solely attributed to global sea level fluctuations and support a significant impact of the regional structural context resulting from collision-induced uplift and variable subsidence rates. The identified intervals exhibit local and regional correlation and compatibility on the Arabian Plate, providing robust confirmation of the significant roles played by both tectonics and eustasy at a regional scale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106477
JournalSedimentary Geology
Number of pages25
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Authors

    Research areas

  • Amiran Basin, Biodiversity, Facies analysis, Homoclinal carbonate ramp, Larger foraminifera, Stratigraphic framework, Taleh Zang Fm.

Number of downloads are based on statistics from Google Scholar and

No data available

ID: 362382650