Genome-wide and sister chromatid-resolved profiling of protein occupancy in replicated chromatin with ChOR-seq and SCAR-seq

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Elucidating the mechanisms underlying chromatin maintenance upon genome replication is critical for the understanding of how gene expression programs and cell identity are preserved across cell divisions. Here, we describe two recently developed techniques, chromatin occupancy after replication (ChOR)-seq and sister chromatids after replication (SCAR)-seq, that profile chromatin occupancy on newly replicated DNA in mammalian cells in 5 d of bench work. Both techniques share a common strategy that includes pulse labeling of newly synthesized DNA and chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP), followed by purification and high-throughput sequencing. Whereas ChOR-seq quantitatively profiles the post-replicative abundance of histone modifications and chromatin-associated proteins, SCAR-seq distinguishes chromatin occupancy between nascent sister chromatids. Together, these two complementary techniques have unraveled key mechanisms controlling the inheritance of modified histones during replication and revealed locus-specific dynamics of histone modifications across the cell cycle. Here, we provide the experimental protocols and bioinformatic pipelines for these methods.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNature Protocols
Pages (from-to)4446-4493
Publication statusPublished - 2021

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