Factors influencing the entrapment of hydrophilic compounds in nanocapsules prepared by interfacial polymerisation of water-in-oil microemulsions

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This study demonstrates the effect of drug properties and method of loading (sorption and encapsulation) on entrapment within poly(alkyl cyanoacrylate) nanocapsules prepared by interfacial polymerisation of biocompatible water-in-oil microemulsions. For small molecular weight compounds ( neutral compound > anionic compound. Only minimal differences for entrapment efficiency were noted between sorption (addition of the compound 4 h after initiation of the polymerisation) and encapsulation (addition of the compound to microemulsion prior to polymerisation). For high molecular weight compounds, the method used for entrapment however, is very important. For hydrophilic macromolecules such as proteins, high entrapment efficiencies can only be achieved by encapsulation. Entrapment of such compounds seems to be independent of the net charge of the compound being encapsulated but depended on the molecular weight. For nanocapsules prepared by interfacial polymerisation of water-in-oil microemulsions, these findings are useful as a foundation in the development of nanocapsules with desired properties.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean journal of pharmaceutics and biopharmaceutics : official journal of Arbeitsgemeinschaft fur Pharmazeutische Verfahrenstechnik e.V
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)335-42
Number of pages8
Publication statusPublished - May 2002
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Biocompatible Materials, Capsules, Cyanoacrylates, Drug Compounding, Electrochemistry, Emulsions, Molecular Weight, Nanotechnology, Oils, Polymers, Water

ID: 46406097