Dataset on inflammation induced after lumbar puncture.

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Neuroinflammation is evident and one of the primary induced responses after central nervous system (CNS) injury, lumbar puncture and CNS surgery. In rare cases, complications could arise after the lumbar puncture or CNS surgery leading to inflammation, bleeding or other problems such as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leakage. The present dataset describes the occurrence of such a condition after the dura breakage or postoperative complication leading to the development of neuroinflammation in the adult Wistar rats. Therefore, objective of the study is to report such a rare condition and detect the most reliable glial proteins upregulated 2-3 weeks after the lumbar puncture which may help the neuroscience community to a better understanding their cause of action. In response to neuroinflammation, glial cells leak into the extracellular space, where they can be identified in the CSF or serum and may act as diagnostic biomarkers. Laminectomy was performed at the thoraco-lumbar (T12-L1) region and the dura was punctured. After that, the exposed part was covered with silica gel and adhesive followed by dental cement. The skin was closed using sterile sutures. After, the rats were given buprenorphine (0.05 mg/kg, every 8 h for 3 days) and carprofen (5 mg/kg, once a day for 5 days) as analgesic and anti-inflammatory and baytril (5 mg/kg, once a day for 10 days) as antibiotic drugs. Note, the buprenorphine and lidocaine were also given before starting the procedure. After the laminectomy, the functional outcomes of the rats were tested (starting from the day of surgery to the last day) and the rats which were locomoting normally using all the limbs were included in the study. In case of any decompression, the functional outcomes showing any kind of laming or partial paralysis of hindlimbs were excluded from the study. Unexpected neuroinflammation has occurred 2-3 weeks after performing the given procedure. Data presented in the article implicate active microglia measured by using protein biomarker such as Iba-1 [1, 3] and astrocytes measured by using Glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP) [2, 3] and S100 (strongly targets S100B and weakly A1) [7, 8] in the CSF collected two-three weeks after the laminectomy and dura breakage from the adult rats. Later paraformaldehyde (PFA) fixed spinal cord slices were also collected from the animals and immunolabelled with the same biomarkers. Western blots were performed with the collected CSF which showed high expression of glial markers such as GFAP, Iba-1 and S100 which has shown to target S100B with no expression of A1 (or A2, play an important role in neuroprotection) astrocytes which have recently been shown to be produced by microglia at the site of injury [9]. However, S100B [10] and GFAP [2] are known to be adequately discharged by the distinct cells in stress conditions which seems to occur in the present report. In addition, the spinal slices immunolabelled with the same biomarkers also showed increased expression of glia. Cross-talk between microglia-astrocyte in CNS stress is crucial for the neurons to survive and function after the injury. Reactive microglia (shown by high Iba-1 expression) leading to microgliosis comprise the first line of defense to phagocytose the dead cells [11]. Astrocytes act as the second line of defense leading to a process known as astrogliosis and upregulate GFAP and S100B to limit the damage [12]. Further studies are needed to explain the molecular mechanism/s of different astrocytes release such as A2 and their interaction with microglia after the lumbar puncture.
Original languageEnglish
Article number106729
JournalData in Brief
Publication statusPublished - 13 Jan 2021

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