C-locked analogs of the antimicrobial peptide BP214
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BP214 is an all-D antimicrobial peptide amide, kklfkkilryl, which shows an excellent activity against colistin-resistant Acinetobacter baumannii and a low hemolytic activity. The aim of the present work was to investigate how C-terminus-to-side chain macrocyclization and fatty acid modification affect the antimicrobial and hemolytic activity of this peptide. In total, 18 analogs of BP214 were synthesized using a combination of Fmoc-based solid-phase peptide synthesis and the submonomer approach. Cyclization was achieved by reacting the ε-amino group of a C-terminal lysine residue with a bromoacetylgroup attached to the Nα amino group of the N-terminal amino acid, generating a secondary amine at which the exocyclic lipopeptide tail was assembled. Three different ring sizes (i.e., 3-5 amino acid residues) of C-locked analogs combined with fatty acids of different lengths (i.e., C10-C14) were investigated. The antimicrobial activity of the analogs was tested against Staphylococcus aureus, Escherichia coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The most promising compound was analog 13 (MIC = 4 µg/mL (2.4 µM) against E. coli and 36% hemolysis of red blood cells at 150 µM). In a time-kill assay, this peptide showed a significant, concentration-dependent reduction in viable E. coli cells comparable to that seen for colistin.
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
This article belongs to the Special Issue Peptide-Based Antibiotics: Challenges and Opportunities.