Characteristics of a foot-and-mouth disease virus with a partial VP1 G-H loop deletion in experimentally infected cattle

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Veronica Fowler
  • John B Bashiruddin
  • Belsham, Graham John
  • Carolina Stenfeldt
  • Anette Bøtner
  • Nick J Knowles
  • Bartlomiej Bankowski
  • Satya Parida
  • Paul Barnett

Previous work in cattle illustrated the protective efficacy and negative marker potential of a A serotype foot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) vaccine prepared from a virus lacking a significant portion of the VP1 G-H loop (termed A(-)). Since this deletion also includes the arginine-glycine-aspartate (RGD) motif required for virus attachment to the host cell in vivo, it was hypothesised that this virus would be attentuated in naturally susceptible animals. The A(-) virus was passaged three times in cattle via needle inoculation of virus suspension delivered into the intradermal space of the tongue (intradermolingual: IDL). Included in the study were three direct contact cattle, two of which were used for the third cattle passage (by inoculation) after direct contact exposure for three days. Cattle were monitored for clinical signs and samples were collected for sequencing as well as antibody and viral genome detection by ELISA and qRT-PCR. Following needle inoculation with the A(-) virus, naïve cattle developed typical clinical signs of FMDV infection, diagnostic assays also provided positive serological and virological results. However, the contact cattle did not develop clinical signs or generate serological or virological markers indicative of FMDV infection even when the cattle were subsequently needle inoculated with 10(5) TCID50 A(-) FMDV delivered IDL following three days of direct contact exposure. The results suggest that the A(-) virus is not attentuated in cattle when inoculated IDL. This virus could be useful as a tool to understand further the natural pathogenesis, receptor usage and internalisation pathways of FMDV.

Original languageEnglish
JournalVeterinary Microbiology
Issue number1-2
Pages (from-to)58-66
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

    Research areas

  • Amino Acid Sequence, Animals, Antibodies, Viral/blood, Capsid Proteins/chemistry, Cattle, Cattle Diseases/immunology, Foot-and-Mouth Disease/immunology, Foot-and-Mouth Disease Virus/genetics, Male, Sequence Deletion, Tongue/virology, Vaccination

ID: 257916142