Accuracy of continuous glucose monitoring during exercise-related hypoglycemia in individuals with type 1 diabetes

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BACKGROUND: Hypoglycemia is common in individuals with type 1 diabetes, especially during exercise. We investigated the accuracy of two different continuous glucose monitoring systems during exercise-related hypoglycemia in an experimental setting.

MATERIALS AND METHODS: Fifteen individuals with type 1 diabetes participated in two separate euglycemic-hypoglycemic clamp days (Clamp-exercise and Clamp-rest) including five phases: 1) baseline euglycemia, 2) plasma glucose (PG) decline ± exercise, 3) 15-minute hypoglycemia ± exercise, 4) 45-minute hypoglycemia, and 5) recovery euglycemia. Interstitial PG levels were measured every five minutes, using Dexcom G6 (DG6) and FreeStyle Libre 1 (FSL1). Yellow Springs Instruments 2900 was used as PG reference method, enabling mean absolute relative difference (MARD) assessment for each phase and Clarke error grid analysis for each day.

RESULTS: Exercise had a negative effect on FSL1 accuracy in phase 2 and 3 compared to rest (ΔMARD = +5.3 percentage points [(95% CI): 1.6, 9.1] and +13.5 percentage points [6.4, 20.5], respectively). In contrast, exercise had a positive effect on DG6 accuracy during phase 2 and 4 compared to rest (ΔMARD = -6.2 percentage points [-11.2, -1.2] and -8.4 percentage points [-12.4, -4.3], respectively). Clarke error grid analysis showed a decrease in clinically acceptable treatment decisions during Clamp-exercise for FSL1 while a contrary increase was observed for DG6.

CONCLUSION: Physical exercise had clinically relevant impact on the accuracy of the investigated continuous glucose monitoring systems and their ability to accurately detect hypoglycemia.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1352829
JournalFrontiers in Endocrinology
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 2024

Bibliographical note

Copyright © 2024 Maytham, Hagelqvist, Engberg, Forman, Pedersen-Bjergaard, Knop, Vilsbøll and Andersen.

    Research areas

  • Humans, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1/blood, Hypoglycemia/blood, Male, Exercise, Female, Adult, Blood Glucose/analysis, Blood Glucose Self-Monitoring/methods, Glucose Clamp Technique, Young Adult, Middle Aged, Continuous Glucose Monitoring

ID: 391045728