Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition. / Bang-Andreasen, Toke; Nielsen, Jeppe T.; Voriskova, Jana; Heise, Janine; Rønn, Regin; Kjøller, Rasmus; Hansen, Hans Chr. Bruun; Jacobsen, Carsten Suhr.

In: Frontiers in Microbiology, Vol. 8, 1400, 2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bang-Andreasen, T, Nielsen, JT, Voriskova, J, Heise, J, Rønn, R, Kjøller, R, Hansen, HCB & Jacobsen, CS 2017, 'Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition', Frontiers in Microbiology, vol. 8, 1400. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400

APA

Bang-Andreasen, T., Nielsen, J. T., Voriskova, J., Heise, J., Rønn, R., Kjøller, R., ... Jacobsen, C. S. (2017). Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Frontiers in Microbiology, 8, [1400]. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400

Vancouver

Bang-Andreasen T, Nielsen JT, Voriskova J, Heise J, Rønn R, Kjøller R et al. Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017;8. 1400. https://doi.org/10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400

Author

Bang-Andreasen, Toke ; Nielsen, Jeppe T. ; Voriskova, Jana ; Heise, Janine ; Rønn, Regin ; Kjøller, Rasmus ; Hansen, Hans Chr. Bruun ; Jacobsen, Carsten Suhr. / Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition. In: Frontiers in Microbiology. 2017 ; Vol. 8.

Bibtex

@article{fb851c0d7735444c83c61061a29599fd,
title = "Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition",
abstract = "Recirculation of wood ash from energy production to forest soil improves the sustainability of this energy production form as recycled wood ash contains nutrients that otherwise would be lost at harvest. In addition, wood-ash is beneficial to many soils due to its inherent acid-neutralizing capabilities. However, wood ash has several ecosystem-perturbing effects like increased soil pH and pore water electrical conductivity both known to strongly impact soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Studies investigating soil bacterial community responses to wood ash application remain sparse and the available results are ambiguous and remain at a general taxonomic level. Here we investigate the response of bacterial communities in a spruce forest soil to wood ash addition corresponding to 0, 5, 22, and 167 t wood ash ha(-1). We used culture-based enumerations of general bacteria, Pseudomonas and sporeforming bacteria combined with 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to valuate soil bacterial responses to wood ash application. Results showed that wood ash addition strongly increased soil pH and electrical conductivity. Soil pH increased from acidic through neutral at 22 t ha(-1) to alkaline at 167 t ha(-1). Bacterial numbers significantly increased up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) followed by significant decrease at 167 t ha(-1) wood ash. The soil bacterial community composition changed after wood ash application with copiotrophic bacteria responding positively up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) while the adverse effect was seen for oligotrophic bacteria. Marked changes in bacterial community composition occurred at a wood ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) with a single alkaliphilic genus dominating. Additionally, spore-formers became abundant at an ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) whereas this was not the case at lower ash doses. Lastly, bacterial richness and diversity strongly decreased with increasing amount of wood ash applied. All of the observed bacterial responses can be directly explained by the wood ash induced changes in pH, electrical conductivity and the addition of wood ash inherent nutrients.",
keywords = "Journal Article",
author = "Toke Bang-Andreasen and Nielsen, {Jeppe T.} and Jana Voriskova and Janine Heise and Regin R{\o}nn and Rasmus Kj{\o}ller and Hansen, {Hans Chr. Bruun} and Jacobsen, {Carsten Suhr}",
note = "CENPERMOA[2017]",
year = "2017",
doi = "10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400",
language = "English",
volume = "8",
journal = "Frontiers in Microbiology",
issn = "1664-302X",
publisher = "Frontiers Media S.A.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Wood ash induced pH changes strongly affect soil bacterial numbers and community composition

AU - Bang-Andreasen, Toke

AU - Nielsen, Jeppe T.

AU - Voriskova, Jana

AU - Heise, Janine

AU - Rønn, Regin

AU - Kjøller, Rasmus

AU - Hansen, Hans Chr. Bruun

AU - Jacobsen, Carsten Suhr

N1 - CENPERMOA[2017]

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - Recirculation of wood ash from energy production to forest soil improves the sustainability of this energy production form as recycled wood ash contains nutrients that otherwise would be lost at harvest. In addition, wood-ash is beneficial to many soils due to its inherent acid-neutralizing capabilities. However, wood ash has several ecosystem-perturbing effects like increased soil pH and pore water electrical conductivity both known to strongly impact soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Studies investigating soil bacterial community responses to wood ash application remain sparse and the available results are ambiguous and remain at a general taxonomic level. Here we investigate the response of bacterial communities in a spruce forest soil to wood ash addition corresponding to 0, 5, 22, and 167 t wood ash ha(-1). We used culture-based enumerations of general bacteria, Pseudomonas and sporeforming bacteria combined with 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to valuate soil bacterial responses to wood ash application. Results showed that wood ash addition strongly increased soil pH and electrical conductivity. Soil pH increased from acidic through neutral at 22 t ha(-1) to alkaline at 167 t ha(-1). Bacterial numbers significantly increased up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) followed by significant decrease at 167 t ha(-1) wood ash. The soil bacterial community composition changed after wood ash application with copiotrophic bacteria responding positively up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) while the adverse effect was seen for oligotrophic bacteria. Marked changes in bacterial community composition occurred at a wood ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) with a single alkaliphilic genus dominating. Additionally, spore-formers became abundant at an ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) whereas this was not the case at lower ash doses. Lastly, bacterial richness and diversity strongly decreased with increasing amount of wood ash applied. All of the observed bacterial responses can be directly explained by the wood ash induced changes in pH, electrical conductivity and the addition of wood ash inherent nutrients.

AB - Recirculation of wood ash from energy production to forest soil improves the sustainability of this energy production form as recycled wood ash contains nutrients that otherwise would be lost at harvest. In addition, wood-ash is beneficial to many soils due to its inherent acid-neutralizing capabilities. However, wood ash has several ecosystem-perturbing effects like increased soil pH and pore water electrical conductivity both known to strongly impact soil bacterial numbers and community composition. Studies investigating soil bacterial community responses to wood ash application remain sparse and the available results are ambiguous and remain at a general taxonomic level. Here we investigate the response of bacterial communities in a spruce forest soil to wood ash addition corresponding to 0, 5, 22, and 167 t wood ash ha(-1). We used culture-based enumerations of general bacteria, Pseudomonas and sporeforming bacteria combined with 16S rRNA gene amplicon sequencing to valuate soil bacterial responses to wood ash application. Results showed that wood ash addition strongly increased soil pH and electrical conductivity. Soil pH increased from acidic through neutral at 22 t ha(-1) to alkaline at 167 t ha(-1). Bacterial numbers significantly increased up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) followed by significant decrease at 167 t ha(-1) wood ash. The soil bacterial community composition changed after wood ash application with copiotrophic bacteria responding positively up to a wood ash dose of 22 t ha(-1) while the adverse effect was seen for oligotrophic bacteria. Marked changes in bacterial community composition occurred at a wood ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) with a single alkaliphilic genus dominating. Additionally, spore-formers became abundant at an ash dose of 167 t ha(-1) whereas this was not the case at lower ash doses. Lastly, bacterial richness and diversity strongly decreased with increasing amount of wood ash applied. All of the observed bacterial responses can be directly explained by the wood ash induced changes in pH, electrical conductivity and the addition of wood ash inherent nutrients.

KW - Journal Article

U2 - 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400

DO - 10.3389/fmicb.2017.01400

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 28804476

VL - 8

JO - Frontiers in Microbiology

JF - Frontiers in Microbiology

SN - 1664-302X

M1 - 1400

ER -

ID: 182932311