Validity of dual X-ray absorptiometry scanning for determination of body composition in IDDM patients

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Data on body composition in patients with insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) are scarce. Dual X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) scanning has proved useful for this purpose in other groups of patients. We tested the validity of the DXA scanner for the determination of fat-free mass (FFM) and fat mass in IDDM patients and control subjects, as compared to other reference methods, i.e. total body potassium by 40K whole body counting (TBK), total body water by tritiated water (TBW), bioelectrical impedance analysis (BIA) and 24-h urinary creatinine excretion (Ucrea). A total of 13 healthy controls, 5 males and 8 females, aged 34.2 years +/- SD 10.4, and 11 IDDM patients, 5 males, 6 females, aged 28.1 years +/- 7.3, diabetes duration 4.2 +/- 2.9 (1.0-9.9), were examined. The patients had no long-term diabetic complications and they had normal ophthalmoscopy and urine albumin excretion. The agreement between FFM estimated by DXA and the other methods, expressed as mean difference +/- 2 SD was; for DXA vs. TBK, 0.09 +/- 6.26 and 0.50 +/- 5.26 kg for controls and IDDM patients respectively; DXA vs. TBW, -2.07 +/- 2.56 and -1.07 +/- 4.58 kg; DXA vs. Ucrea, -2.62 +/- 8.02 and 2.00 +/- 10.0 kg; DXA vs. BIA, -7.90 +/- 8.92 and -7.85 +/- 2.32 kg. The results obtained with BIA were significantly different from the other methods for both control subjects and IDDM patients. In conclusion, DXA scanning is a precise and valid method for estimation of fat-free mass in IDDM patients.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesScandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation. Supplement
Issue number8
Pages (from-to)691-9
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - Dec 1995

    Research areas

  • Absorptiometry, Photon, Adult, Albuminuria, Body Composition, Body Mass Index, Body Water, Body Weight, Creatinine, Diabetes Mellitus, Type 1, Electric Impedance, Female, Humans, Male, Potassium, Journal Article, Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't

ID: 165885634