The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants: a kinetic study

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The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants : a kinetic study. / Skaff, Ojia; Pattison, David I; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Biochemistry, Vol. 47, No. 31, 05.08.2008, p. 8237-45.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Skaff, O, Pattison, DI & Davies, MJ 2008, 'The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants: a kinetic study', Biochemistry, vol. 47, no. 31, pp. 8237-45. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi800786q

APA

Skaff, O., Pattison, D. I., & Davies, M. J. (2008). The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants: a kinetic study. Biochemistry, 47(31), 8237-45. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi800786q

Vancouver

Skaff O, Pattison DI, Davies MJ. The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants: a kinetic study. Biochemistry. 2008 Aug 5;47(31):8237-45. https://doi.org/10.1021/bi800786q

Author

Skaff, Ojia ; Pattison, David I ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants : a kinetic study. In: Biochemistry. 2008 ; Vol. 47, No. 31. pp. 8237-45.

Bibtex

@article{18c9f07576de4a9babcba9df45aa70eb,
title = "The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants: a kinetic study",
abstract = "Plasmalogens, which contain a vinyl ether bond, are major phospholipids of the plasma membranes of endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiac myocytes. These lipids, in contrast to other phospholipids, have been reported to be targets of HOCl/HOBr generated by myeloperoxidase, with elevated levels of the products of these reactions (alpha-chloro/alpha-bromo aldehydes and unsaturated lysophospholipids) having been detected in human atherosclerotic lesions. The reason(s) for the targeting of this lipid class, over other phospholipids, is poorly understood, and is examined here. It is shown that HOCl and HOBr react with a model vinyl ether (ethylene glycol vinyl ether) 200-300-fold faster ( k = 1.6 x 10 (3) and 3.5 x 10 (6) M (-1) s (-1), respectively) than with aliphatic alkenes (models of phospholipids). True plasmalogens react ca. 20-fold slower than the models. Chloramines and bromamines (from reaction of HOCl/HOBr with primary amines and alpha-amino groups) also react with vinyl ethers, unlike aliphatic alkenes, with k = 10 (-3)-10 (2) M (-1) s (-1) for chloramines (with the His side chain chloramine being the most reactive, k = 172 M (-1) s (-1)) and k = 10 (3)-10 (4) M (-1) s (-1) for bromamines. The bromamine rate constants are typically 10 (5)-10 (6) larger than those of the chloramines. Intermolecular vinyl ether oxidation by phospholipid headgroup bromamines can also occur. These kinetic data indicate that plasmalogens are significantly more susceptible to oxidation than the aliphatic alkenes of phospholipids, thereby rationalizing the detection of products from the former, but not the latter, in human atherosclerotic lesions.",
keywords = "Bromates, Bromides, Chloramines, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Hypochlorous Acid, Kinetics, Oxidants, Peroxidase, Plasmalogens, Vinyl Compounds",
author = "Ojia Skaff and Pattison, {David I} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2008",
month = "8",
day = "5",
doi = "10.1021/bi800786q",
language = "English",
volume = "47",
pages = "8237--45",
journal = "Biochemistry",
issn = "0006-2960",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "31",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The vinyl ether linkages of plasmalogens are favored targets for myeloperoxidase-derived oxidants

T2 - a kinetic study

AU - Skaff, Ojia

AU - Pattison, David I

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2008/8/5

Y1 - 2008/8/5

N2 - Plasmalogens, which contain a vinyl ether bond, are major phospholipids of the plasma membranes of endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiac myocytes. These lipids, in contrast to other phospholipids, have been reported to be targets of HOCl/HOBr generated by myeloperoxidase, with elevated levels of the products of these reactions (alpha-chloro/alpha-bromo aldehydes and unsaturated lysophospholipids) having been detected in human atherosclerotic lesions. The reason(s) for the targeting of this lipid class, over other phospholipids, is poorly understood, and is examined here. It is shown that HOCl and HOBr react with a model vinyl ether (ethylene glycol vinyl ether) 200-300-fold faster ( k = 1.6 x 10 (3) and 3.5 x 10 (6) M (-1) s (-1), respectively) than with aliphatic alkenes (models of phospholipids). True plasmalogens react ca. 20-fold slower than the models. Chloramines and bromamines (from reaction of HOCl/HOBr with primary amines and alpha-amino groups) also react with vinyl ethers, unlike aliphatic alkenes, with k = 10 (-3)-10 (2) M (-1) s (-1) for chloramines (with the His side chain chloramine being the most reactive, k = 172 M (-1) s (-1)) and k = 10 (3)-10 (4) M (-1) s (-1) for bromamines. The bromamine rate constants are typically 10 (5)-10 (6) larger than those of the chloramines. Intermolecular vinyl ether oxidation by phospholipid headgroup bromamines can also occur. These kinetic data indicate that plasmalogens are significantly more susceptible to oxidation than the aliphatic alkenes of phospholipids, thereby rationalizing the detection of products from the former, but not the latter, in human atherosclerotic lesions.

AB - Plasmalogens, which contain a vinyl ether bond, are major phospholipids of the plasma membranes of endothelial and vascular smooth muscle cells and cardiac myocytes. These lipids, in contrast to other phospholipids, have been reported to be targets of HOCl/HOBr generated by myeloperoxidase, with elevated levels of the products of these reactions (alpha-chloro/alpha-bromo aldehydes and unsaturated lysophospholipids) having been detected in human atherosclerotic lesions. The reason(s) for the targeting of this lipid class, over other phospholipids, is poorly understood, and is examined here. It is shown that HOCl and HOBr react with a model vinyl ether (ethylene glycol vinyl ether) 200-300-fold faster ( k = 1.6 x 10 (3) and 3.5 x 10 (6) M (-1) s (-1), respectively) than with aliphatic alkenes (models of phospholipids). True plasmalogens react ca. 20-fold slower than the models. Chloramines and bromamines (from reaction of HOCl/HOBr with primary amines and alpha-amino groups) also react with vinyl ethers, unlike aliphatic alkenes, with k = 10 (-3)-10 (2) M (-1) s (-1) for chloramines (with the His side chain chloramine being the most reactive, k = 172 M (-1) s (-1)) and k = 10 (3)-10 (4) M (-1) s (-1) for bromamines. The bromamine rate constants are typically 10 (5)-10 (6) larger than those of the chloramines. Intermolecular vinyl ether oxidation by phospholipid headgroup bromamines can also occur. These kinetic data indicate that plasmalogens are significantly more susceptible to oxidation than the aliphatic alkenes of phospholipids, thereby rationalizing the detection of products from the former, but not the latter, in human atherosclerotic lesions.

KW - Bromates

KW - Bromides

KW - Chloramines

KW - Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid

KW - Hypochlorous Acid

KW - Kinetics

KW - Oxidants

KW - Peroxidase

KW - Plasmalogens

KW - Vinyl Compounds

U2 - 10.1021/bi800786q

DO - 10.1021/bi800786q

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 18605737

VL - 47

SP - 8237

EP - 8245

JO - Biochemistry

JF - Biochemistry

SN - 0006-2960

IS - 31

ER -

ID: 129670758