The oxidative environment and protein damage

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The oxidative environment and protein damage. / Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: B B A - Reviews on Cancer, Vol. 1703, No. 2, 17.01.2005, p. 93-109.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Davies, MJ 2005, 'The oxidative environment and protein damage', B B A - Reviews on Cancer, vol. 1703, no. 2, pp. 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007

APA

Davies, M. J. (2005). The oxidative environment and protein damage. B B A - Reviews on Cancer, 1703(2), 93-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007

Vancouver

Davies MJ. The oxidative environment and protein damage. B B A - Reviews on Cancer. 2005 Jan 17;1703(2):93-109. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007

Author

Davies, Michael Jonathan. / The oxidative environment and protein damage. In: B B A - Reviews on Cancer. 2005 ; Vol. 1703, No. 2. pp. 93-109.

Bibtex

@article{6363a4a0764b4e63b54f136276d50b0c,
title = "The oxidative environment and protein damage",
abstract = "Proteins are a major target for oxidants as a result of their abundance in biological systems, and their high rate constants for reaction. Kinetic data for a number of radicals and non-radical oxidants (e.g. singlet oxygen and hypochlorous acid) are consistent with proteins consuming the majority of these species generated within cells. Oxidation can occur at both the protein backbone and on the amino acid side-chains, with the ratio of attack dependent on a number of factors. With some oxidants, damage is limited and specific to certain residues, whereas other species, such as the hydroxyl radical, give rise to widespread, relatively non-specific damage. Some of the major oxidation pathways, and products formed, are reviewed. The latter include reactive species, such as peroxides, which can induce further oxidation and chain reactions (within proteins, and via damage transfer to other molecules) and stable products. Particular emphasis is given to the oxidation of methionine residues, as this species is readily oxidised by a wide range of oxidants. Some side-chain oxidation products, including methionine sulfoxide, can be employed as sensitive, specific, markers of oxidative damage. The product profile can, in some cases, provide valuable information on the species involved; selected examples of this approach are discussed. Most protein damage is non-repairable, and has deleterious consequences on protein structure and function; methionine sulfoxide formation can however be reversed in some circumstances. The major fate of oxidised proteins is catabolism by proteosomal and lysosomal pathways, but some materials appear to be poorly degraded and accumulate within cells. The accumulation of such damaged material may contribute to a range of human pathologies.",
keywords = "Oxidation-Reduction, Proteins",
author = "Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2005",
month = jan,
day = "17",
doi = "10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007",
language = "English",
volume = "1703",
pages = "93--109",
journal = "B B A - Reviews on Cancer",
issn = "0304-419X",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The oxidative environment and protein damage

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2005/1/17

Y1 - 2005/1/17

N2 - Proteins are a major target for oxidants as a result of their abundance in biological systems, and their high rate constants for reaction. Kinetic data for a number of radicals and non-radical oxidants (e.g. singlet oxygen and hypochlorous acid) are consistent with proteins consuming the majority of these species generated within cells. Oxidation can occur at both the protein backbone and on the amino acid side-chains, with the ratio of attack dependent on a number of factors. With some oxidants, damage is limited and specific to certain residues, whereas other species, such as the hydroxyl radical, give rise to widespread, relatively non-specific damage. Some of the major oxidation pathways, and products formed, are reviewed. The latter include reactive species, such as peroxides, which can induce further oxidation and chain reactions (within proteins, and via damage transfer to other molecules) and stable products. Particular emphasis is given to the oxidation of methionine residues, as this species is readily oxidised by a wide range of oxidants. Some side-chain oxidation products, including methionine sulfoxide, can be employed as sensitive, specific, markers of oxidative damage. The product profile can, in some cases, provide valuable information on the species involved; selected examples of this approach are discussed. Most protein damage is non-repairable, and has deleterious consequences on protein structure and function; methionine sulfoxide formation can however be reversed in some circumstances. The major fate of oxidised proteins is catabolism by proteosomal and lysosomal pathways, but some materials appear to be poorly degraded and accumulate within cells. The accumulation of such damaged material may contribute to a range of human pathologies.

AB - Proteins are a major target for oxidants as a result of their abundance in biological systems, and their high rate constants for reaction. Kinetic data for a number of radicals and non-radical oxidants (e.g. singlet oxygen and hypochlorous acid) are consistent with proteins consuming the majority of these species generated within cells. Oxidation can occur at both the protein backbone and on the amino acid side-chains, with the ratio of attack dependent on a number of factors. With some oxidants, damage is limited and specific to certain residues, whereas other species, such as the hydroxyl radical, give rise to widespread, relatively non-specific damage. Some of the major oxidation pathways, and products formed, are reviewed. The latter include reactive species, such as peroxides, which can induce further oxidation and chain reactions (within proteins, and via damage transfer to other molecules) and stable products. Particular emphasis is given to the oxidation of methionine residues, as this species is readily oxidised by a wide range of oxidants. Some side-chain oxidation products, including methionine sulfoxide, can be employed as sensitive, specific, markers of oxidative damage. The product profile can, in some cases, provide valuable information on the species involved; selected examples of this approach are discussed. Most protein damage is non-repairable, and has deleterious consequences on protein structure and function; methionine sulfoxide formation can however be reversed in some circumstances. The major fate of oxidised proteins is catabolism by proteosomal and lysosomal pathways, but some materials appear to be poorly degraded and accumulate within cells. The accumulation of such damaged material may contribute to a range of human pathologies.

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Proteins

U2 - 10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007

DO - 10.1016/j.bbapap.2004.08.007

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 15680218

VL - 1703

SP - 93

EP - 109

JO - B B A - Reviews on Cancer

JF - B B A - Reviews on Cancer

SN - 0304-419X

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 129672086