The effect of smartphone-based monitoring and treatment on the rate and duration of psychiatric readmission in patients with unipolar depressive disorder: The RADMIS randomized controlled trial
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › peer-review
Background: Patients with unipolar depressive disorder are frequently hospitalized, and the period following discharge is a high-risk-period. Smartphone-based treatments are receiving increasing attention among researchers, clinicians, and patients. We aimed to investigate whether a smartphone-based monitoring and treatment system reduces the rate and duration of readmissions, more than standard treatment, in patients with unipolar depressive disorder following hospitalization. Methods: We conducted a pragmatic, investigator-blinded, randomized controlled trial. The intervention group received a smartphone-based monitoring and treatment system in addition to standard treatment. The system allowed patients to self-monitor symptoms and access psycho-educative information and cognitive modules. The patients were allocated a study-nurse who, based on the monitoring data, guided and supported them. The control group received standard treatment. The trial lasted six months, with outcome assessments at 0, 3, and 6 months. Results: We included 120 patients with unipolar depressive disorder (ICD-10). Intention-to-treat analyses showed no statistically significant differences in time to readmission (Log-Rank p=0.9) or duration of readmissions (B=-16.41,95%CI:-47.32;25.5,p=0.3) (Primary outcomes). There were no differences in clinically rated depressive symptoms (p=0.6) or functioning (p=0.1) (secondary outcomes). The intervention group had higher levels of recovery (B=7,29, 95%CI:0.82;13,75,p=0.028) and a tendency towards higher quality of life (p=0.07), wellbeing (p=0,09) satisfaction with treatment (p=0.05) and behavioral activation (p=0.08) compared with the control group (tertiary outcomes). Limitations: Patients and study-nurses were unblinded to allocation. Conclusions: We found no effect of the intervention on primary or secondary outcomes. In tertiary outcomes, patients in the intervention group reported higher levels of recovery compared to the control group.
|Journal||Journal of Affective Disorders|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2021|
- Depression, Intervention, Randomized controlled trial, Smartphone, Technology, Unipolar depressive disorder