The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Standard

The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work. / Kristensen, Tage S.; Bjorner, Jakob B.; Christensen, Karl B.; Borg, Vilhelm.

In: Work and Stress, Vol. 18, No. 4, 01.10.2004, p. 305-322.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Kristensen, TS, Bjorner, JB, Christensen, KB & Borg, V 2004, 'The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work', Work and Stress, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 305-322. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370412331314005

APA

Kristensen, T. S., Bjorner, J. B., Christensen, K. B., & Borg, V. (2004). The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work. Work and Stress, 18(4), 305-322. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370412331314005

Vancouver

Kristensen TS, Bjorner JB, Christensen KB, Borg V. The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work. Work and Stress. 2004 Oct 1;18(4):305-322. https://doi.org/10.1080/02678370412331314005

Author

Kristensen, Tage S. ; Bjorner, Jakob B. ; Christensen, Karl B. ; Borg, Vilhelm. / The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work. In: Work and Stress. 2004 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 305-322.

Bibtex

@article{00f276c38a6043df9558f0f30d5ae38b,
title = "The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work",
abstract = "During recent years many researchers have criticized the widely used scales on psychological job demands. For instance, they comment that in most cases different types of demand seem to be mixed in one measure. In this paper we analyse the scale on quantitative job demands in the recently developed Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), with special emphasis on Differential Item Functioning (DIF). DIF refers to basic differences between groups of respondents, which may affect how they respond to questionnaire items. The data material for our study comprised a representative sample of Danish employees. The respondents were categorized into 32 specific jobs according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968). We analysed DIF with respect to the respondents' jobs with logistic regression analyses. These analyses showed that the items used in the original demand scale functioned very differently for different jobs in the population. The conclusion is that scales on quantitative demands are very sensitive to the choice of specific items. If many items on fast work pace and tempo are included in a scale, a number of blue-collar jobs will be identified as high-demand jobs. If on the other hand, many questions on long working hours and overtime are included, the use of the scale will result in an entirely different picture. This issue has so far received little attention in occupational health psychology. The results have wide theoretical and methodological implications for research on quantitative job demands.",
keywords = "Differential item functioning (DIF), Job demands, Methodological issues, Psychosocial questionnaire, Validity, Work pace, Working hours",
author = "Kristensen, {Tage S.} and Bjorner, {Jakob B.} and Christensen, {Karl B.} and Vilhelm Borg",
year = "2004",
month = "10",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/02678370412331314005",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "305--322",
journal = "Work and Stress",
issn = "0267-8373",
publisher = "Routledge",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - The distinction between work pace and working hours in the measurement of quantitative demands at work

AU - Kristensen, Tage S.

AU - Bjorner, Jakob B.

AU - Christensen, Karl B.

AU - Borg, Vilhelm

PY - 2004/10/1

Y1 - 2004/10/1

N2 - During recent years many researchers have criticized the widely used scales on psychological job demands. For instance, they comment that in most cases different types of demand seem to be mixed in one measure. In this paper we analyse the scale on quantitative job demands in the recently developed Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), with special emphasis on Differential Item Functioning (DIF). DIF refers to basic differences between groups of respondents, which may affect how they respond to questionnaire items. The data material for our study comprised a representative sample of Danish employees. The respondents were categorized into 32 specific jobs according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968). We analysed DIF with respect to the respondents' jobs with logistic regression analyses. These analyses showed that the items used in the original demand scale functioned very differently for different jobs in the population. The conclusion is that scales on quantitative demands are very sensitive to the choice of specific items. If many items on fast work pace and tempo are included in a scale, a number of blue-collar jobs will be identified as high-demand jobs. If on the other hand, many questions on long working hours and overtime are included, the use of the scale will result in an entirely different picture. This issue has so far received little attention in occupational health psychology. The results have wide theoretical and methodological implications for research on quantitative job demands.

AB - During recent years many researchers have criticized the widely used scales on psychological job demands. For instance, they comment that in most cases different types of demand seem to be mixed in one measure. In this paper we analyse the scale on quantitative job demands in the recently developed Copenhagen Psychosocial Questionnaire (COPSOQ), with special emphasis on Differential Item Functioning (DIF). DIF refers to basic differences between groups of respondents, which may affect how they respond to questionnaire items. The data material for our study comprised a representative sample of Danish employees. The respondents were categorized into 32 specific jobs according to the International Standard Classification of Occupations (ISCO 1968). We analysed DIF with respect to the respondents' jobs with logistic regression analyses. These analyses showed that the items used in the original demand scale functioned very differently for different jobs in the population. The conclusion is that scales on quantitative demands are very sensitive to the choice of specific items. If many items on fast work pace and tempo are included in a scale, a number of blue-collar jobs will be identified as high-demand jobs. If on the other hand, many questions on long working hours and overtime are included, the use of the scale will result in an entirely different picture. This issue has so far received little attention in occupational health psychology. The results have wide theoretical and methodological implications for research on quantitative job demands.

KW - Differential item functioning (DIF)

KW - Job demands

KW - Methodological issues

KW - Psychosocial questionnaire

KW - Validity

KW - Work pace

KW - Working hours

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=11144327479&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/02678370412331314005

DO - 10.1080/02678370412331314005

M3 - Journal article

AN - SCOPUS:11144327479

VL - 18

SP - 305

EP - 322

JO - Work and Stress

JF - Work and Stress

SN - 0267-8373

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 199064599