Temporal trends in hip fracture incidence, mortality, and morbidity in Denmark from 1999 to 2012

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Background and purpose - While development in hip fracture incidence and mortality is well examined, none has yet looked at the temporal trends regarding prevalence of co-morbidities. Therefore we investigated changes in incidence of first hip fracture, co-morbidity prevalence, 30 day- and 1-year mortality in hip fracture patients in the Danish population during the period 1999 to 2012. Patients and methods - Patients >18 years admitted with a fractured hip in Denmark between 1996 and 2012 were identified with data for the period 1999-2012 being analyzed regarding prevalence of co-morbidities, incidence, and mortality. Results - 122,923 patients were identified. Incidence in the whole population declined but sex-specific analysis showed no changes for men. For the whole study population, 30-day and 1-year mortality remained unchanged. Age at time of first hip fracture also remained unchanged. Of the included co-morbidities a decrease in prevalence of malignancy and dementia in women was found while there was an increase in the prevalence of all remaining co-morbidities, except hemi- or paraplegia for both sexes, rheumatic diseases for women, and for men diabetes with complications, myocardial infarction, AIDS/HIV, and malignancy. Interpretation - While hip fracture incidence declined for women it was unchanged for men; likewise, 30-day and 1-year mortality rates together with age at first fracture remained unchanged. When these results are compared with the relatively large increase in the prevalence of co-morbidities, it does not seem likely that the increased disease burden is affecting either the incidence or the mortality.

Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Orthopaedica
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)170-176
Number of pages7
Publication statusPublished - 2018

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Adult, Aged, Aged, 80 and over, Denmark/epidemiology, Female, Hip Fractures/complications, Humans, Incidence, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Registries, Retrospective Studies, Sex Distribution, Survival Rate, Young Adult

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