(S)-homo-AMPA, a specific agonist at the mGlu6 subtype of metabotropic glutamic acid receptors

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Our previous publication (J. Med. Chem. 1996, 39, 3188-3194) described (RS)-2-amino-4-(3-hydroxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)butyric acid (Homo-AMPA) as a highly selective agonist at the mGlu6 subtype of metabotropic excitatory amino acid (EAA) receptors. Homo-AMPA has already become a standard agonist for the pharmacological characterization of mGlu6 (Trends Pharmacol. Sci. Suppl. 1997, 37-39), and we here report the resolution, configurational assignment, and pharmacology of (S)- (6) and (R)- (7) Homo-AMPA. Using the "Ugi four-component condensation", 3-(3-ethoxy-5-methylisoxazol-4-yl)propanal (10) was converted into the separable diastereomeric derivatives of 6 and 7, compounds 12 and 11, respectively. Deprotection of 12, in one or two steps, gave extensively racemized 6, which was converted in low yield into 6 (99.0% ee) through several crystallizations. 6 (99.7% ee) and 7 (99.9% ee) were finally obtained by preparative chiral HPLC. The configurational assignments of 6 and 7 were based on 1H NMR spectroscopic studies on 12 and 11, respectively, and circular dichroism studies on 6 and 7. Values of optical rotations using different solvents and the chiral HPLC elution order of 6 and 7 supported the results of the spectroscopic configurational assignments. The activities of 6 and 7 at ionotropic EAA (iGlu) receptors and at mGlu1-7 were studied. (S)-Homo-AMPA (6) was shown to be a specific agonist at mGlu6 (EC50 = 58 +/- 11 microM) comparable in potency with the endogenous mGlu agonist (S)-glutamic acid (EC50 = 20 +/- 3 microM). Although Homo-AMPA did not show significant effects at iGlu receptors, (R)-Homo-AMPA (7), which was inactive at mGlu1-7, turned out to be a weak N-methyl-D-aspartic acid (NMDA) receptor antagonist (IC50 = 131 +/- 18 microM).
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number22
Pages (from-to)3700-5
Publication statusPublished - 24 Oct 1997

    Research areas

  • Animals, CHO Cells, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Cricetinae, Cyclic AMP, Excitatory Amino Acid Agonists, Hydrolysis, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Membrane Potentials, Phosphatidylinositols, Rats, Receptors, Metabotropic Glutamate, Recombinant Proteins, Stereoisomerism, alpha-Amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazolepropionic Acid

ID: 45596291