This paper describes the results of three collaborative exercises which continues the EDNAP theme to explore whether uniformity of DNA profiling results could be achieved between European laboratories using STRs. In an earlier exercise, complex hypervariable AAAG-repeat STR loci were investigated, but reproducibility was found to be poor because of the variation of techniques used by participating laboratories. In the exercise reported here, an internal allelic ladder composed of ACTBP2 and D11S554 fragments was distributed. This ladder was used to size ACTBP2 analysed by a "singleplex" PCR amplification and D11S554 combined with APOAI1 in a separate "duplex" reaction. Laboratories were asked to test 7 blood stains, one of which was a known control, and to report the results to the co-ordinating laboratory. The exercise demonstrated that ACTBP2 showed good reproducibility between laboratories, whereas further testing would be needed to validate APOAI1 and D11S554 for interlaboratory comparisons. In separate exercises, the simple loci D12S391 and D1S1656 were tested; both of these showed excellent reproducibility between laboratories.
Keywords: Alleles; DNA Fingerprinting; DNA, Satellite; Europe; Humans; Immunoglobulin Variable Region; International Cooperation; Minisatellite Repeats; Polymerase Chain Reaction; Reproducibility of Results; Societies, Medical