Reduced prescription of TNF-inhibitors in chronic arthritis based on therapeutic drug monitoring: A randomized controlled trial
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Objective: Dosing of tumour necrosis factor-α inhibitors (TNFis) is not personalized causing interindividual variation in serum drug levels; however, dose optimization is not widely implemented. We hypothesized that some patients are overdosed; thus, drug prescription could be reduced by therapeutic drug monitoring (TDM). Method: Independent of disease activity, 239 adults treated for rheumatoid arthritis (n = 99), psoriatic arthritis 15 (n = 48), or spondyloarthritis (n = 92) were recruited for a 48-week prospective, randomized open-label trial. Standard care alone or plus TDM was applied in chronic arthritis patients treated with infliximab (IFX), (n = 81), etanercept (ETN) (n = 79), or adalimumab (ADA) (n = 79). Serum TNFi trough levels assessed at inclusion and every 4 months determined patients within/outside predefined therapeutic intervals, supporting change in prescription or drug switch. The primary endpoint was reduced drug prescription. Results: Compared to standard care, TDM reduced prescribed IFX [−12% (95% confidence interval −20, −3); p = 0.001] and ETN (−15% (−29, 1); p = 0.01], and prolonged the interdosing intervals of ETN [+235% (38, 432); p = 0.02] and ADA [+28% (6, 51); p = 0.04]. Time to drug switch was accelerated (χ2 = 6.03, p = 0.01). No group differences in adverse events, disease activity, or self-reported outcomes were shown, indicating equally sustained remission. Conclusions: TDM reduced prescription of IFX, ETN, and ADA and identified patients benefiting from accelerated drug switch, thereby minimizing treatment failure, risk of toxicity, and unnecessary adverse events.
|Journal||Scandinavian Journal of Rheumatology|
|Publication status||Accepted/In press - 2023|
© 2022 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.