Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA

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Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA. / Luxford, C; Dean, R T; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Chemical Research in Toxicology, Vol. 13, No. 7, 07.2000, p. 665-72.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Luxford, C, Dean, RT & Davies, MJ 2000, 'Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA', Chemical Research in Toxicology, vol. 13, no. 7, pp. 665-72.

APA

Luxford, C., Dean, R. T., & Davies, M. J. (2000). Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA. Chemical Research in Toxicology, 13(7), 665-72.

Vancouver

Luxford C, Dean RT, Davies MJ. Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA. Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2000 Jul;13(7):665-72.

Author

Luxford, C ; Dean, R T ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA. In: Chemical Research in Toxicology. 2000 ; Vol. 13, No. 7. pp. 665-72.

Bibtex

@article{e2f4eebfe8c64cfd81ca8ea3bc1b6416,
title = "Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA",
abstract = "Exposure of individual histone proteins (H1, H2A, H2B, H3, or H4) and histone octamers (consisting of two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) to hydroxyl radicals, generated by gamma-irradiation, in the presence of O(2) generates protein-bound hydroperoxides in a dose-dependent fashion; this is in accord with previous studies with other proteins. These histone hydroperoxides are stable in the absence of exogenous catalysts (e.g., heat, light, and transition metal ions), but in the presence of these agents decompose rapidly to give a variety of radicals which have been identified by EPR spin trapping. Histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals generated on decomposition of the hydroperoxides with Cu(+) react with both pyrimidine and purine nucleobases. Thus, with uridine the histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals undergo addition across the C(5)-C(6) double bond of the pyrimidine ring to give cross-linked adduct species which have been identified by EPR spectroscopy. HPLC analysis of the products generated on reaction of histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals with 2'-deoxyguanosine, or intact calf thymus DNA, has shown that significant levels of the mutagenic oxidized DNA base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) are formed, with the yield dependent on the individual histone protein, the presence of hydroperoxide functions, and the concentration of metal ion. These studies demonstrate that initial oxidative damage to individual histone proteins or histone octamers can result in the transfer of oxidative damage to associated DNA via the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein hydroperoxides to reactive radicals, and provide a novel route for the formation of mutagenic lesions in DNA.",
keywords = "Animals, Cattle, DNA, DNA Damage, Deoxyguanosine, Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation, Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy, Free Radicals, Histones, Nucleic Acids, Oxidation-Reduction, Peroxides",
author = "C Luxford and Dean, {R T} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2000",
month = "7",
language = "English",
volume = "13",
pages = "665--72",
journal = "Chemical Research in Toxicology",
issn = "0893-228X",
publisher = "American Chemical Society",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Radicals derived from histone hydroperoxides damage nucleobases in RNA and DNA

AU - Luxford, C

AU - Dean, R T

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2000/7

Y1 - 2000/7

N2 - Exposure of individual histone proteins (H1, H2A, H2B, H3, or H4) and histone octamers (consisting of two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) to hydroxyl radicals, generated by gamma-irradiation, in the presence of O(2) generates protein-bound hydroperoxides in a dose-dependent fashion; this is in accord with previous studies with other proteins. These histone hydroperoxides are stable in the absence of exogenous catalysts (e.g., heat, light, and transition metal ions), but in the presence of these agents decompose rapidly to give a variety of radicals which have been identified by EPR spin trapping. Histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals generated on decomposition of the hydroperoxides with Cu(+) react with both pyrimidine and purine nucleobases. Thus, with uridine the histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals undergo addition across the C(5)-C(6) double bond of the pyrimidine ring to give cross-linked adduct species which have been identified by EPR spectroscopy. HPLC analysis of the products generated on reaction of histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals with 2'-deoxyguanosine, or intact calf thymus DNA, has shown that significant levels of the mutagenic oxidized DNA base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) are formed, with the yield dependent on the individual histone protein, the presence of hydroperoxide functions, and the concentration of metal ion. These studies demonstrate that initial oxidative damage to individual histone proteins or histone octamers can result in the transfer of oxidative damage to associated DNA via the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein hydroperoxides to reactive radicals, and provide a novel route for the formation of mutagenic lesions in DNA.

AB - Exposure of individual histone proteins (H1, H2A, H2B, H3, or H4) and histone octamers (consisting of two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) to hydroxyl radicals, generated by gamma-irradiation, in the presence of O(2) generates protein-bound hydroperoxides in a dose-dependent fashion; this is in accord with previous studies with other proteins. These histone hydroperoxides are stable in the absence of exogenous catalysts (e.g., heat, light, and transition metal ions), but in the presence of these agents decompose rapidly to give a variety of radicals which have been identified by EPR spin trapping. Histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals generated on decomposition of the hydroperoxides with Cu(+) react with both pyrimidine and purine nucleobases. Thus, with uridine the histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals undergo addition across the C(5)-C(6) double bond of the pyrimidine ring to give cross-linked adduct species which have been identified by EPR spectroscopy. HPLC analysis of the products generated on reaction of histone hydroperoxide-derived radicals with 2'-deoxyguanosine, or intact calf thymus DNA, has shown that significant levels of the mutagenic oxidized DNA base 8-oxo-7,8-dihydro-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-oxodG) are formed, with the yield dependent on the individual histone protein, the presence of hydroperoxide functions, and the concentration of metal ion. These studies demonstrate that initial oxidative damage to individual histone proteins or histone octamers can result in the transfer of oxidative damage to associated DNA via the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein hydroperoxides to reactive radicals, and provide a novel route for the formation of mutagenic lesions in DNA.

KW - Animals

KW - Cattle

KW - DNA

KW - DNA Damage

KW - Deoxyguanosine

KW - Dose-Response Relationship, Radiation

KW - Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy

KW - Free Radicals

KW - Histones

KW - Nucleic Acids

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Peroxides

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 10898600

VL - 13

SP - 665

EP - 672

JO - Chemical Research in Toxicology

JF - Chemical Research in Toxicology

SN - 0893-228X

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 138281623