Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. / Bendtsen, Katja Maria; Gren, Louise; Malmborg, Vilhelm Berg; Shukla, Pravesh Chandra; Tunér, Martin; Essig, Yona J.; Krais, Annette M.; Clausen, Per Axel; Berthing, Trine; Loeschner, Katrin; Jacobsen, Nicklas Raun; Wolff, Henrik; Pagels, Joakim; Vogel, Ulla Birgitte.

In: Particle and Fibre Toxicology, Vol. 17, No. 1, 38, 2020.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Bendtsen, KM, Gren, L, Malmborg, VB, Shukla, PC, Tunér, M, Essig, YJ, Krais, AM, Clausen, PA, Berthing, T, Loeschner, K, Jacobsen, NR, Wolff, H, Pagels, J & Vogel, UB 2020, 'Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties', Particle and Fibre Toxicology, vol. 17, no. 1, 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9

APA

Bendtsen, K. M., Gren, L., Malmborg, V. B., Shukla, P. C., Tunér, M., Essig, Y. J., Krais, A. M., Clausen, P. A., Berthing, T., Loeschner, K., Jacobsen, N. R., Wolff, H., Pagels, J., & Vogel, U. B. (2020). Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. Particle and Fibre Toxicology, 17(1), [38]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9

Vancouver

Bendtsen KM, Gren L, Malmborg VB, Shukla PC, Tunér M, Essig YJ et al. Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 2020;17(1). 38. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9

Author

Bendtsen, Katja Maria ; Gren, Louise ; Malmborg, Vilhelm Berg ; Shukla, Pravesh Chandra ; Tunér, Martin ; Essig, Yona J. ; Krais, Annette M. ; Clausen, Per Axel ; Berthing, Trine ; Loeschner, Katrin ; Jacobsen, Nicklas Raun ; Wolff, Henrik ; Pagels, Joakim ; Vogel, Ulla Birgitte. / Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. In: Particle and Fibre Toxicology. 2020 ; Vol. 17, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{8d346d72041249d5a5db3baf644f3594,
title = "Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties",
abstract = "Background: Diesel exhaust is carcinogenic and exposure to diesel particles cause health effects. We investigated the toxicity of diesel exhaust particles designed to have varying physicochemical properties in order to attribute health effects to specific particle characteristics. Particles from three fuel types were compared at 13% engine intake O2 concentration: MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel (DEP13) and the two renewable diesel fuels hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO13) and rapeseed methyl ester (RME13). Additionally, diesel particles from MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel were generated at 9.7% (DEP9.7) and 17% (DEP17) intake O2 concentration. We evaluated physicochemical properties and histopathological, inflammatory and genotoxic responses on day 1, 28, and 90 after single intratracheal instillation in mice compared to reference diesel particles and carbon black. Results: Moderate variations were seen in physical properties for the five particles: primary particle diameter: 15-22 nm, specific surface area: 152-222 m2/g, and count median mobility diameter: 55-103 nm. Larger differences were found in chemical composition: organic carbon/total carbon ratio (0.12-0.60), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content (1-27 μg/mg) and acid-extractable metal content (0.9-16 μg/mg). Intratracheal exposure to all five particles induced similar toxicological responses, with different potency. Lung particle retention was observed in DEP13 and HVO13 exposed mice on day 28 post-exposure, with less retention for the other fuel types. RME exposure induced limited response whereas the remaining particles induced dose-dependent inflammation and acute phase response on day 1. DEP13 induced acute phase response on day 28 and inflammation on day 90. DNA strand break levels were not increased as compared to vehicle, but were increased in lung and liver compared to blank filter extraction control. Neutrophil influx on day 1 correlated best with estimated deposited surface area, but also with elemental carbon, organic carbon and PAHs. DNA strand break levels in lung on day 28 and in liver on day 90 correlated with acellular particle-induced ROS. Conclusions: We studied diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. Our study highlights specific surface area, elemental carbon content, PAHs and ROS-generating potential as physicochemical predictors of diesel particle toxicity. ",
keywords = "Diesel exhaust particles - ultrafine particles, Exhaust gas recirculation, Intratracheal instillation, Renewable diesel fuels, Toxicity",
author = "Bendtsen, {Katja Maria} and Louise Gren and Malmborg, {Vilhelm Berg} and Shukla, {Pravesh Chandra} and Martin Tun{\'e}r and Essig, {Yona J.} and Krais, {Annette M.} and Clausen, {Per Axel} and Trine Berthing and Katrin Loeschner and Jacobsen, {Nicklas Raun} and Henrik Wolff and Joakim Pagels and Vogel, {Ulla Birgitte}",
note = "Publisher Copyright: {\textcopyright} 2020 The Author(s).",
year = "2020",
doi = "10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9",
language = "English",
volume = "17",
journal = "Particle and Fibre Toxicology",
issn = "1743-8977",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Particle characterization and toxicity in C57BL/6 mice following instillation of five different diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties

AU - Bendtsen, Katja Maria

AU - Gren, Louise

AU - Malmborg, Vilhelm Berg

AU - Shukla, Pravesh Chandra

AU - Tunér, Martin

AU - Essig, Yona J.

AU - Krais, Annette M.

AU - Clausen, Per Axel

AU - Berthing, Trine

AU - Loeschner, Katrin

AU - Jacobsen, Nicklas Raun

AU - Wolff, Henrik

AU - Pagels, Joakim

AU - Vogel, Ulla Birgitte

N1 - Publisher Copyright: © 2020 The Author(s).

PY - 2020

Y1 - 2020

N2 - Background: Diesel exhaust is carcinogenic and exposure to diesel particles cause health effects. We investigated the toxicity of diesel exhaust particles designed to have varying physicochemical properties in order to attribute health effects to specific particle characteristics. Particles from three fuel types were compared at 13% engine intake O2 concentration: MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel (DEP13) and the two renewable diesel fuels hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO13) and rapeseed methyl ester (RME13). Additionally, diesel particles from MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel were generated at 9.7% (DEP9.7) and 17% (DEP17) intake O2 concentration. We evaluated physicochemical properties and histopathological, inflammatory and genotoxic responses on day 1, 28, and 90 after single intratracheal instillation in mice compared to reference diesel particles and carbon black. Results: Moderate variations were seen in physical properties for the five particles: primary particle diameter: 15-22 nm, specific surface area: 152-222 m2/g, and count median mobility diameter: 55-103 nm. Larger differences were found in chemical composition: organic carbon/total carbon ratio (0.12-0.60), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content (1-27 μg/mg) and acid-extractable metal content (0.9-16 μg/mg). Intratracheal exposure to all five particles induced similar toxicological responses, with different potency. Lung particle retention was observed in DEP13 and HVO13 exposed mice on day 28 post-exposure, with less retention for the other fuel types. RME exposure induced limited response whereas the remaining particles induced dose-dependent inflammation and acute phase response on day 1. DEP13 induced acute phase response on day 28 and inflammation on day 90. DNA strand break levels were not increased as compared to vehicle, but were increased in lung and liver compared to blank filter extraction control. Neutrophil influx on day 1 correlated best with estimated deposited surface area, but also with elemental carbon, organic carbon and PAHs. DNA strand break levels in lung on day 28 and in liver on day 90 correlated with acellular particle-induced ROS. Conclusions: We studied diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. Our study highlights specific surface area, elemental carbon content, PAHs and ROS-generating potential as physicochemical predictors of diesel particle toxicity.

AB - Background: Diesel exhaust is carcinogenic and exposure to diesel particles cause health effects. We investigated the toxicity of diesel exhaust particles designed to have varying physicochemical properties in order to attribute health effects to specific particle characteristics. Particles from three fuel types were compared at 13% engine intake O2 concentration: MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel (DEP13) and the two renewable diesel fuels hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO13) and rapeseed methyl ester (RME13). Additionally, diesel particles from MK1 ultra low sulfur diesel were generated at 9.7% (DEP9.7) and 17% (DEP17) intake O2 concentration. We evaluated physicochemical properties and histopathological, inflammatory and genotoxic responses on day 1, 28, and 90 after single intratracheal instillation in mice compared to reference diesel particles and carbon black. Results: Moderate variations were seen in physical properties for the five particles: primary particle diameter: 15-22 nm, specific surface area: 152-222 m2/g, and count median mobility diameter: 55-103 nm. Larger differences were found in chemical composition: organic carbon/total carbon ratio (0.12-0.60), polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon content (1-27 μg/mg) and acid-extractable metal content (0.9-16 μg/mg). Intratracheal exposure to all five particles induced similar toxicological responses, with different potency. Lung particle retention was observed in DEP13 and HVO13 exposed mice on day 28 post-exposure, with less retention for the other fuel types. RME exposure induced limited response whereas the remaining particles induced dose-dependent inflammation and acute phase response on day 1. DEP13 induced acute phase response on day 28 and inflammation on day 90. DNA strand break levels were not increased as compared to vehicle, but were increased in lung and liver compared to blank filter extraction control. Neutrophil influx on day 1 correlated best with estimated deposited surface area, but also with elemental carbon, organic carbon and PAHs. DNA strand break levels in lung on day 28 and in liver on day 90 correlated with acellular particle-induced ROS. Conclusions: We studied diesel exhaust particles designed to differ in physicochemical properties. Our study highlights specific surface area, elemental carbon content, PAHs and ROS-generating potential as physicochemical predictors of diesel particle toxicity.

KW - Diesel exhaust particles - ultrafine particles

KW - Exhaust gas recirculation

KW - Intratracheal instillation

KW - Renewable diesel fuels

KW - Toxicity

U2 - 10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9

DO - 10.1186/s12989-020-00369-9

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 32771016

AN - SCOPUS:85089261623

VL - 17

JO - Particle and Fibre Toxicology

JF - Particle and Fibre Toxicology

SN - 1743-8977

IS - 1

M1 - 38

ER -

ID: 319469621