Parsing the Potential Neuroendocrine Actions of FGF21 in Primates
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Fibroblast growth factor (FGF) 21, a unique, largely liver-derived endocrine member of the FGF superfamily, is often thought of as a fasting factor owing to its induction in rodents during starvation. However, FGF21 is not increased by fasting for periods of <7 days in humans; instead, it rises sharply after acute alcohol and sugar intake and also after several days of overfeeding, suggesting another role in states of positive energy balance. Recent studies suggest that in the postingestive state, FGF21 may regulate energy intake and discourage consumption of alcohol and sugars, most likely through effector circuits in the central nervous system. FGF21 also increases fat oxidation in the liver, improves markers of insulin sensitivity, and stimulates adiponectin production. Thus, in primates, FGF21 may defend against hepatic nutrient overload by promoting adaptations that reduce ectopic lipid storage, including inhibiting sugar and alcohol appetite and promoting lipid sequestration in adipose tissue.
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2018|