O-Glycosylation Modulates Proprotein Convertase Activation of Angiopoietin-like Protein 3: POSSIBLE ROLE OF POLYPEPTIDE GalNAc-TRANSFERASE-2 IN REGULATION OF CONCENTRATIONS OF PLASMA LIPIDS
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The angiopoietin-like protein 3 (ANGPTL3) is an important inhibitor of the endothelial and lipoprotein lipases and a promising drug target. ANGPTL3 undergoes proprotein convertase processing (RAPR(224)¿TT) for activation, and the processing site contains two potential GalNAc O-glycosylation sites immediately C-terminal (TT(226)). We developed an in vivo model system in CHO ldlD cells that was used to show that O-glycosylation in the processing site blocked processing of ANGPTL3. Genome-wide SNP association studies have identified the polypeptide GalNAc-transferase gene, GALNT2, as a candidate gene for low HDL and high triglyceride blood levels. We hypothesized that the GalNAc-T2 transferase performed critical O-glycosylation of proteins involved in lipid metabolism. Screening of a panel of proteins known to affect lipid metabolism for potential sites glycosylated by GalNAc-T2 led to identification of Thr(226) adjacent to the proprotein convertase processing site in ANGPTL3. We demonstrated that GalNAc-T2 glycosylation of Thr(226) in a peptide with the RAPR(224)¿TT processing site blocks in vitro furin cleavage. The study demonstrates that ANGPTL3 activation is modulated by O-glycosylation and that this step is probably controlled by GalNAc-T2.
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|Number of pages||10|
|Publication status||Published - 2010|