Obese Hypertensive Men Have Lower Circulating Proatrial Natriuretic Peptide Concentrations Despite Greater Left Atrial Size

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BACKGROUND: Obese persons have lower circulating natriuretic peptide (NP) concentrations. It has been proposed that this natriuretic handicap plays a role in obesity-related hypertension. In contrast, hypertensive patients with left atrial enlargement have higher circulating NP concentrations. On this background, we investigated whether obese hypertensive men could have lower circulating NP concentrations despite evidence of pressure-induced greater left atrial size.

METHODS: We examined 98 obese men (body mass index [BMI] ≥ 30.0 kg/m2) and 27 lean normotensive men (BMI 20.0-24.9 kg/m2). All men were healthy, medication free, with normal left ventricular ejection fraction. We measured blood pressure using 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure (ABP) recordings. Hypertension was defined as 24-hour ABP ≥ 130/80 mm Hg, and normotension was defined as 24-hour ABP < 130/80 mm Hg. We determined left atrial size using echocardiography, and we measured fasting serum concentrations of midregional proatrial NP (MR-proANP).

RESULTS: Of the 98 obese men, 62 had hypertension and 36 were normotensive. The obese hypertensive men had greater left atrial size (mean ± SD: 28.7 ± 6.0 ml/m2) compared with the lean normotensive men (23.5 ± 4.5 ml/m2) and the obese normotensive men (22.7 ± 5.1 ml/m2), P < 0.01. Nevertheless, despite evidence of pressure-induced greater left atrial size, the obese hypertensive men had lower serum MR-proANP concentrations (median [interquartile range]: 48.5 [37.0-64.7] pmol/l) compared with the lean normotensive men (69.3 [54.3-82.9] pmol/l), P < 0.01, whereas the obese normotensive men had serum MR-proANP concentrations in between the 2 other groups (54.1 [43.6-62.9] pmol/l).

CONCLUSIONS: Despite greater left atrial size, obese hypertensive men have lower circulating MR-proANP concentrations compared with lean normotensive men.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAmerican Journal of Hypertension
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)645-650
Number of pages6
Publication statusPublished - 2018

ID: 215458157