Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms

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Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms. / Kohlmeier, Kristi Anne; Reiner, P B.

In: Neuroscience, Vol. 93, No. 2, 1999, p. 619-30.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Kohlmeier, KA & Reiner, PB 1999, 'Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms', Neuroscience, vol. 93, no. 2, pp. 619-30.

APA

Kohlmeier, K. A., & Reiner, P. B. (1999). Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms. Neuroscience, 93(2), 619-30.

Vancouver

Kohlmeier KA, Reiner PB. Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms. Neuroscience. 1999;93(2):619-30.

Author

Kohlmeier, Kristi Anne ; Reiner, P B. / Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms. In: Neuroscience. 1999 ; Vol. 93, No. 2. pp. 619-30.

Bibtex

@article{9466382c109c4f98a4f9bef36ceca76e,
title = "Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms",
abstract = "Cholinergic neurons of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus have been hypothesized to play a critical role in the-generation and maintenance of rapid eye movement sleep. Less is known about the function of non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons. As part of our ongoing studies of the brainstem circuitry controlling behavioral state, we have begun to investigate the functional properties of these neurons. In the course of these experiments, we have observed a novel response to the neurotransmitter noradrenaline. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons were carried out in 21- to 35-day-old rat brain slices. A subpopulation of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells responded to a 30-s application of 50 microM noradrenaline with depolarization and a decrease in input resistance which lasted several minutes. Following return to resting membrane potential, these cells invariably exhibited barrages of excitatory postsynaptic potentials which lasted at least 12 min. These excitatory postsynaptic potentials were reversibly abolished by bath application of tetrodotoxin, as well as by the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, but were insensitive to application of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid. To examine whether these neurons were cholinergic, the recorded cells were labeled with biocytin and tested for co-localization with reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase, a marker for laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cholinergic neurons. In every instance, neurons with these properties were non-cholinergic. However, they were always located in close proximity to reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase-positive laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells. The present data indicate that noradrenaline, in addition to directly inhibiting cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, also results in the direct and indirect excitation of non-cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus. The indirect excitation is long lasting and mediated by glutamatergic mechanisms. Our working hypothesis is that these non-cholinergic cells are local circuit inhibitory interneurons and that prolonged excitation of these neurons by noradrenaline may serve as a mechanism for inhibition of cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells during wakefulness, when noradrenaline tone is high.",
keywords = "6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, Acetylcholine, Adrenergic alpha-Agonists, Animals, Behavior, Animal, Electric Stimulation, Electrophysiology, Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists, Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials, Female, Histamine Release, Histocytochemistry, Male, Membrane Potentials, Neurons, Norepinephrine, Parasympathetic Nervous System, Patch-Clamp Techniques, Rats, Rats, Wistar, Tegmentum Mesencephali, Tetrodotoxin",
author = "Kohlmeier, {Kristi Anne} and Reiner, {P B}",
year = "1999",
language = "English",
volume = "93",
pages = "619--30",
journal = "Neuroscience",
issn = "0306-4522",
publisher = "Pergamon Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Noradrenaline excites non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental neurons via two distinct mechanisms

AU - Kohlmeier, Kristi Anne

AU - Reiner, P B

PY - 1999

Y1 - 1999

N2 - Cholinergic neurons of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus have been hypothesized to play a critical role in the-generation and maintenance of rapid eye movement sleep. Less is known about the function of non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons. As part of our ongoing studies of the brainstem circuitry controlling behavioral state, we have begun to investigate the functional properties of these neurons. In the course of these experiments, we have observed a novel response to the neurotransmitter noradrenaline. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons were carried out in 21- to 35-day-old rat brain slices. A subpopulation of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells responded to a 30-s application of 50 microM noradrenaline with depolarization and a decrease in input resistance which lasted several minutes. Following return to resting membrane potential, these cells invariably exhibited barrages of excitatory postsynaptic potentials which lasted at least 12 min. These excitatory postsynaptic potentials were reversibly abolished by bath application of tetrodotoxin, as well as by the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, but were insensitive to application of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid. To examine whether these neurons were cholinergic, the recorded cells were labeled with biocytin and tested for co-localization with reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase, a marker for laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cholinergic neurons. In every instance, neurons with these properties were non-cholinergic. However, they were always located in close proximity to reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase-positive laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells. The present data indicate that noradrenaline, in addition to directly inhibiting cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, also results in the direct and indirect excitation of non-cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus. The indirect excitation is long lasting and mediated by glutamatergic mechanisms. Our working hypothesis is that these non-cholinergic cells are local circuit inhibitory interneurons and that prolonged excitation of these neurons by noradrenaline may serve as a mechanism for inhibition of cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells during wakefulness, when noradrenaline tone is high.

AB - Cholinergic neurons of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus have been hypothesized to play a critical role in the-generation and maintenance of rapid eye movement sleep. Less is known about the function of non-cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons. As part of our ongoing studies of the brainstem circuitry controlling behavioral state, we have begun to investigate the functional properties of these neurons. In the course of these experiments, we have observed a novel response to the neurotransmitter noradrenaline. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus neurons were carried out in 21- to 35-day-old rat brain slices. A subpopulation of laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells responded to a 30-s application of 50 microM noradrenaline with depolarization and a decrease in input resistance which lasted several minutes. Following return to resting membrane potential, these cells invariably exhibited barrages of excitatory postsynaptic potentials which lasted at least 12 min. These excitatory postsynaptic potentials were reversibly abolished by bath application of tetrodotoxin, as well as by the non-N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 6-cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione, but were insensitive to application of the N-methyl-D-aspartate receptor antagonist 2-amino-5-phosphonopentanoic acid. To examine whether these neurons were cholinergic, the recorded cells were labeled with biocytin and tested for co-localization with reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase, a marker for laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cholinergic neurons. In every instance, neurons with these properties were non-cholinergic. However, they were always located in close proximity to reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate-diaphorase-positive laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells. The present data indicate that noradrenaline, in addition to directly inhibiting cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus, also results in the direct and indirect excitation of non-cholinergic cells of the laterodorsal tegmental nucleus. The indirect excitation is long lasting and mediated by glutamatergic mechanisms. Our working hypothesis is that these non-cholinergic cells are local circuit inhibitory interneurons and that prolonged excitation of these neurons by noradrenaline may serve as a mechanism for inhibition of cholinergic laterodorsal tegmental nucleus cells during wakefulness, when noradrenaline tone is high.

KW - 6-Cyano-7-nitroquinoxaline-2,3-dione

KW - Acetylcholine

KW - Adrenergic alpha-Agonists

KW - Animals

KW - Behavior, Animal

KW - Electric Stimulation

KW - Electrophysiology

KW - Excitatory Amino Acid Antagonists

KW - Excitatory Postsynaptic Potentials

KW - Female

KW - Histamine Release

KW - Histocytochemistry

KW - Male

KW - Membrane Potentials

KW - Neurons

KW - Norepinephrine

KW - Parasympathetic Nervous System

KW - Patch-Clamp Techniques

KW - Rats

KW - Rats, Wistar

KW - Tegmentum Mesencephali

KW - Tetrodotoxin

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 10465446

VL - 93

SP - 619

EP - 630

JO - Neuroscience

JF - Neuroscience

SN - 0306-4522

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 38346668