Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates

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Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates. / Gao, Fei; Zhang, Juyong; Jiang, Pingping; Gong, Desheng; Wang, Jun-Wen; Xia, Yudong; Østergaard, Mette Viberg; Wang, Jun; Sangild, Per Torp.

In: BMC Genomics, Vol. 15, No. 1, 716, 2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Gao, F, Zhang, J, Jiang, P, Gong, D, Wang, J-W, Xia, Y, Østergaard, MV, Wang, J & Sangild, PT 2014, 'Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates', BMC Genomics, vol. 15, no. 1, 716. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-716

APA

Gao, F., Zhang, J., Jiang, P., Gong, D., Wang, J-W., Xia, Y., Østergaard, M. V., Wang, J., & Sangild, P. T. (2014). Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates. BMC Genomics, 15(1), [716]. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-716

Vancouver

Gao F, Zhang J, Jiang P, Gong D, Wang J-W, Xia Y et al. Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates. BMC Genomics. 2014;15(1). 716. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-716

Author

Gao, Fei ; Zhang, Juyong ; Jiang, Pingping ; Gong, Desheng ; Wang, Jun-Wen ; Xia, Yudong ; Østergaard, Mette Viberg ; Wang, Jun ; Sangild, Per Torp. / Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates. In: BMC Genomics. 2014 ; Vol. 15, No. 1.

Bibtex

@article{0937a984649d475894be9a3a10c5b98d,
title = "Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: The serious feeding- and microbiota-associated intestinal disease, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), occurs mainly in infants born prematurely (5-10% of all newborns) and most frequently after formula-feeding. We hypothesized that changes in gene methylation is involved in the prenatal maturation of the intestine and its response to the first days of formula feeding, potentially leading to NEC in preterm pigs used as models for preterm infants.RESULTS: Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS) was used to assess if changes in intestinal DNA methylation are associated with formula-induced NEC outbreak and advancing age from 10 days before birth to 4 days after birth. Selected key genes with differentially methylated gene regions (DMRs) between groups were further validated by HiSeq-based bisulfite sequencing PCR and RT-qPCR to assess methylation and expression levels. Consistent with the maturation of many intestinal functions in the perinatal period, methylation level of most genes decreased with advancing pre- and postnatal age. The highest number of DMRs was identified between the newborn and 4 d-old preterm pigs. There were few intestinal DMR differences between unaffected pigs and pigs with initial evidence of NEC. In the 4 d-old formula-fed preterm pigs, four genes associated with intestinal metabolism (CYP2W1, GPR146, TOP1MT, CEND1) showed significant hyper-methylation in their promoter CGIs, and thus, down-regulated transcription. Methylation-driven down-regulation of such genes may predispose the immature intestine to later metabolic dysfunctions and severe NEC lesions.CONCLUSIONS: Pre- and postnatal changes in intestinal DNA methylation may contribute to high NEC sensitivity in preterm neonates. Optimizing gene methylation changes via environmental stimuli (e.g. diet, nutrition, gut microbiota), may help to make immature newborn infants more resistant to gut dysfunctions, both short and long term.",
author = "Fei Gao and Juyong Zhang and Pingping Jiang and Desheng Gong and Jun-Wen Wang and Yudong Xia and {\O}stergaard, {Mette Viberg} and Jun Wang and Sangild, {Per Torp}",
note = "CURIS 2014 NEXS 271",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1186/1471-2164-15-716",
language = "English",
volume = "15",
journal = "B M C Genomics",
issn = "1471-2164",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",
number = "1",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Marked methylation changes in intestinal genes during the perinatal period of preterm neonates

AU - Gao, Fei

AU - Zhang, Juyong

AU - Jiang, Pingping

AU - Gong, Desheng

AU - Wang, Jun-Wen

AU - Xia, Yudong

AU - Østergaard, Mette Viberg

AU - Wang, Jun

AU - Sangild, Per Torp

N1 - CURIS 2014 NEXS 271

PY - 2014

Y1 - 2014

N2 - BACKGROUND: The serious feeding- and microbiota-associated intestinal disease, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), occurs mainly in infants born prematurely (5-10% of all newborns) and most frequently after formula-feeding. We hypothesized that changes in gene methylation is involved in the prenatal maturation of the intestine and its response to the first days of formula feeding, potentially leading to NEC in preterm pigs used as models for preterm infants.RESULTS: Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS) was used to assess if changes in intestinal DNA methylation are associated with formula-induced NEC outbreak and advancing age from 10 days before birth to 4 days after birth. Selected key genes with differentially methylated gene regions (DMRs) between groups were further validated by HiSeq-based bisulfite sequencing PCR and RT-qPCR to assess methylation and expression levels. Consistent with the maturation of many intestinal functions in the perinatal period, methylation level of most genes decreased with advancing pre- and postnatal age. The highest number of DMRs was identified between the newborn and 4 d-old preterm pigs. There were few intestinal DMR differences between unaffected pigs and pigs with initial evidence of NEC. In the 4 d-old formula-fed preterm pigs, four genes associated with intestinal metabolism (CYP2W1, GPR146, TOP1MT, CEND1) showed significant hyper-methylation in their promoter CGIs, and thus, down-regulated transcription. Methylation-driven down-regulation of such genes may predispose the immature intestine to later metabolic dysfunctions and severe NEC lesions.CONCLUSIONS: Pre- and postnatal changes in intestinal DNA methylation may contribute to high NEC sensitivity in preterm neonates. Optimizing gene methylation changes via environmental stimuli (e.g. diet, nutrition, gut microbiota), may help to make immature newborn infants more resistant to gut dysfunctions, both short and long term.

AB - BACKGROUND: The serious feeding- and microbiota-associated intestinal disease, necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC), occurs mainly in infants born prematurely (5-10% of all newborns) and most frequently after formula-feeding. We hypothesized that changes in gene methylation is involved in the prenatal maturation of the intestine and its response to the first days of formula feeding, potentially leading to NEC in preterm pigs used as models for preterm infants.RESULTS: Reduced Representation Bisulfite Sequencing (RRBS) was used to assess if changes in intestinal DNA methylation are associated with formula-induced NEC outbreak and advancing age from 10 days before birth to 4 days after birth. Selected key genes with differentially methylated gene regions (DMRs) between groups were further validated by HiSeq-based bisulfite sequencing PCR and RT-qPCR to assess methylation and expression levels. Consistent with the maturation of many intestinal functions in the perinatal period, methylation level of most genes decreased with advancing pre- and postnatal age. The highest number of DMRs was identified between the newborn and 4 d-old preterm pigs. There were few intestinal DMR differences between unaffected pigs and pigs with initial evidence of NEC. In the 4 d-old formula-fed preterm pigs, four genes associated with intestinal metabolism (CYP2W1, GPR146, TOP1MT, CEND1) showed significant hyper-methylation in their promoter CGIs, and thus, down-regulated transcription. Methylation-driven down-regulation of such genes may predispose the immature intestine to later metabolic dysfunctions and severe NEC lesions.CONCLUSIONS: Pre- and postnatal changes in intestinal DNA methylation may contribute to high NEC sensitivity in preterm neonates. Optimizing gene methylation changes via environmental stimuli (e.g. diet, nutrition, gut microbiota), may help to make immature newborn infants more resistant to gut dysfunctions, both short and long term.

U2 - 10.1186/1471-2164-15-716

DO - 10.1186/1471-2164-15-716

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25163507

VL - 15

JO - B M C Genomics

JF - B M C Genomics

SN - 1471-2164

IS - 1

M1 - 716

ER -

ID: 124056532