Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis

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Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis. / Munk, Tommy; Baldursdottir, Stefania G.; Hietala, S.; Rades, Thomas; Nuopponen, M.; Kalliomäki, K.; Tenhu, H.; Rantanen, Jukka; Strachan, C.S.

In: Polymer, Vol. 54, No. 26, 2013, p. 6947-6953.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Munk, T, Baldursdottir, SG, Hietala, S, Rades, T, Nuopponen, M, Kalliomäki, K, Tenhu, H, Rantanen, J & Strachan, CS 2013, 'Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis', Polymer, vol. 54, no. 26, pp. 6947-6953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033

APA

Munk, T., Baldursdottir, S. G., Hietala, S., Rades, T., Nuopponen, M., Kalliomäki, K., Tenhu, H., Rantanen, J., & Strachan, C. S. (2013). Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis. Polymer, 54(26), 6947-6953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033

Vancouver

Munk T, Baldursdottir SG, Hietala S, Rades T, Nuopponen M, Kalliomäki K et al. Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis. Polymer. 2013;54(26):6947-6953. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033

Author

Munk, Tommy ; Baldursdottir, Stefania G. ; Hietala, S. ; Rades, Thomas ; Nuopponen, M. ; Kalliomäki, K. ; Tenhu, H. ; Rantanen, Jukka ; Strachan, C.S. / Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis. In: Polymer. 2013 ; Vol. 54, No. 26. pp. 6947-6953.

Bibtex

@article{c208f2614c3146ff9fc95dca917acaa8,
title = "Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis",
abstract = "The use of vibrational spectroscopy to investigate complex structural changes in polymers yields chemically rich data, but interpretation can be challenging and subtle but meaningful spectral changes may be missed through visual inspection alone. Multivariate analysis is an efficient approach to gain an oversight of small but systematic spectral differences anywhere within the spectra, providing further insight into structural changes and associated transformation mechanisms. In this study, the novel analytical approach of infrared spectroscopy combined with principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting was used to investigate the structural changes in aqueous solutions of a polymer, using poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAM) in the atactic form and with controlled tacticity as a model system. Subtle spectral changes associated with the dehydration and phase separation upon heating included peak shifts, an area ratio change of the amide I band to the amide II band and formation of a new peak in the amide I band were efficiently detected. Dehydration and phase separation of PNIPAM occurred in two temperature ranges, one for the atactic and one for isotactic rich part, both involving a complex re-organization of the hydrogen bonds and change of the hydration layer. The changes agreed with existing results from other techniques, and new insights were gained into the effect of controlled tacticity on phase transformation behaviour. The study demonstrates that infrared spectroscopy combined with the multivariate analytical method principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting is an efficient approach to probing structural change in polymers during heating. The simplicity of the presented approach could find excellent use in analysing and understanding the molecular environment of a range of stimuli-responsive polymers, for instance block or grafted types of polymers, as well as those with controlled tacticity.",
author = "Tommy Munk and Baldursdottir, {Stefania G.} and S. Hietala and Thomas Rades and M. Nuopponen and K. Kalliom{\"a}ki and H. Tenhu and Jukka Rantanen and C.S. Strachan",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033",
language = "English",
volume = "54",
pages = "6947--6953",
journal = "Polymer",
issn = "0032-3861",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "26",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Investigation of the phase separation of PNIPAM using infrared spectroscopy together with multivariate data analysis

AU - Munk, Tommy

AU - Baldursdottir, Stefania G.

AU - Hietala, S.

AU - Rades, Thomas

AU - Nuopponen, M.

AU - Kalliomäki, K.

AU - Tenhu, H.

AU - Rantanen, Jukka

AU - Strachan, C.S.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - The use of vibrational spectroscopy to investigate complex structural changes in polymers yields chemically rich data, but interpretation can be challenging and subtle but meaningful spectral changes may be missed through visual inspection alone. Multivariate analysis is an efficient approach to gain an oversight of small but systematic spectral differences anywhere within the spectra, providing further insight into structural changes and associated transformation mechanisms. In this study, the novel analytical approach of infrared spectroscopy combined with principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting was used to investigate the structural changes in aqueous solutions of a polymer, using poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAM) in the atactic form and with controlled tacticity as a model system. Subtle spectral changes associated with the dehydration and phase separation upon heating included peak shifts, an area ratio change of the amide I band to the amide II band and formation of a new peak in the amide I band were efficiently detected. Dehydration and phase separation of PNIPAM occurred in two temperature ranges, one for the atactic and one for isotactic rich part, both involving a complex re-organization of the hydrogen bonds and change of the hydration layer. The changes agreed with existing results from other techniques, and new insights were gained into the effect of controlled tacticity on phase transformation behaviour. The study demonstrates that infrared spectroscopy combined with the multivariate analytical method principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting is an efficient approach to probing structural change in polymers during heating. The simplicity of the presented approach could find excellent use in analysing and understanding the molecular environment of a range of stimuli-responsive polymers, for instance block or grafted types of polymers, as well as those with controlled tacticity.

AB - The use of vibrational spectroscopy to investigate complex structural changes in polymers yields chemically rich data, but interpretation can be challenging and subtle but meaningful spectral changes may be missed through visual inspection alone. Multivariate analysis is an efficient approach to gain an oversight of small but systematic spectral differences anywhere within the spectra, providing further insight into structural changes and associated transformation mechanisms. In this study, the novel analytical approach of infrared spectroscopy combined with principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting was used to investigate the structural changes in aqueous solutions of a polymer, using poly(N-isopropyl acrylamide) (PNIPAM) in the atactic form and with controlled tacticity as a model system. Subtle spectral changes associated with the dehydration and phase separation upon heating included peak shifts, an area ratio change of the amide I band to the amide II band and formation of a new peak in the amide I band were efficiently detected. Dehydration and phase separation of PNIPAM occurred in two temperature ranges, one for the atactic and one for isotactic rich part, both involving a complex re-organization of the hydrogen bonds and change of the hydration layer. The changes agreed with existing results from other techniques, and new insights were gained into the effect of controlled tacticity on phase transformation behaviour. The study demonstrates that infrared spectroscopy combined with the multivariate analytical method principal component analysis and Gaussian peak fitting is an efficient approach to probing structural change in polymers during heating. The simplicity of the presented approach could find excellent use in analysing and understanding the molecular environment of a range of stimuli-responsive polymers, for instance block or grafted types of polymers, as well as those with controlled tacticity.

U2 - 10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033

DO - 10.1016/j.polymer.2013.10.033

M3 - Journal article

VL - 54

SP - 6947

EP - 6953

JO - Polymer

JF - Polymer

SN - 0032-3861

IS - 26

ER -

ID: 138212118