Inhibition of muscle glycogen synthase activity and non-oxidative glucose disposal during hypoglycaemia in normal man
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The purpose of the present study was to evaluate the role of muscle glycogen synthase activity in the reduction of glucose uptake during hypoglycaemia. Six healthy young men were examined twice; during 120 min of hyperinsulinaemic (1.5 mU.kg-1. min-1) euglycaemia followed by: 1)240 min of graded hypoglycaemia (plasma glucose nadir 2.8 mmol/l) or 2) 240 min of euglycaemia. At 350-360 min a muscle biopsy was taken and indirect calorimetry was performed at 210-240 and 330-350 min. Hypoglycaemia was associated with markedly increased levels of adrenaline, growth hormone and glucagon and also with less hyperinsulinaemia. During hypoglycaemia the fractional velocity for glycogen synthase was markedly reduced; from 29.8 +/- 2.3 to 6.4 +/- 0.9%, p < 0.05. Total glucose disposal was decreased during hypoglycaemia (5.58 +/- 0.55 vs 11.01 +/- 0.75 mg.kg-1. min-1 (euglycaemia); p < 0.05); this was primarily due to a reduction of non-oxidative glucose disposal (2.43 +/- 0.41 vs 7.15 +/- 0.7 mg.kg-1 .min-1 (euglycaemia); p < 0.05), whereas oxidative glucose disposal was only suppressed to a minor degree. In conclusion hypoglycaemia virtually abolishes the effect of insulin on muscle glycogen synthase activity. This is in keeping with the finding of a marked reduction of non-oxidative glucose metabolism.
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 1996|
- Adult, Biopsy, Blood Glucose, C-Peptide, Calorimetry, Indirect, Epinephrine, Fatty Acids, Nonesterified, Glucagon, Glucose Clamp Technique, Glycogen Synthase, Glycolysis, Growth Hormone, Humans, Hypoglycemia, Infusions, Intravenous, Insulin, Kinetics, Male, Muscle, Skeletal, Reference Values, Time Factors