In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review

Standard

In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems. / Schaub Jr, Gary John; Kristoffersen, Jens Wenzel.

Center for militære studier, 2017. 45 p.

Research output: Book/ReportReportResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Schaub Jr, GJ & Kristoffersen, JW 2017, In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems. Center for militære studier. <https://cms.polsci.ku.dk/english/publications/in-on-or-out-of-the-loop/In_On_or_Out_of_the_Loop.pdf>

APA

Schaub Jr, G. J., & Kristoffersen, J. W. (2017). In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems. Center for militære studier. https://cms.polsci.ku.dk/english/publications/in-on-or-out-of-the-loop/In_On_or_Out_of_the_Loop.pdf

Vancouver

Schaub Jr GJ, Kristoffersen JW. In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems. Center for militære studier, 2017. 45 p.

Author

Schaub Jr, Gary John ; Kristoffersen, Jens Wenzel. / In, On, or Out of the Loop? Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems. Center for militære studier, 2017. 45 p.

Bibtex

@book{1f2dfd1142614c359a7ded60ccc4db15,
title = "In, On, or Out of the Loop?: Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems",
abstract = "The increasing ability of military weapon systems to perform functions autonomously is a strategic trend with implications for defence policies and warfare in general. Denmark and many of its allies possess weapons that function in an automatic, automated, or autonomous manner – the difference being the degree of sophist ication of weapon responses to external stimuli. Such weapons can be controlled directly with a “man-in-the-loop,” managed by a “man-on-the-loop,” or supervised by a “man-out-of-the-loop.” Although all uses of force by Western militaries take place within an institution alised process that ensures the lawful application of violence, the challenge for policy is to develop technological systems and institutions whose procedures and command structures maintain meaningful human control over these autonomously functioning weapon systems, particularly with regard to the functions of selecting and engaging targets with lethal violence. Like most other advanced democracies, Denmark has not developed a comprehensive policy with regard to weapon systems with autonomous functions. We suggest that Danish decision-makers consider adopting a defence planning mechanism to analyse the issue of autonomous systems and clarify matters of principle and general Danish policy. The topics to be addressed could include a process to consider the acquisition, integration, and utilisation of weapon systems with autonomous functions, including appropriate command and control arrangements.",
keywords = "Faculty of Social Sciences, Denmark, policy assessment, NATO, United States, United Kingdom, ICRC, United Nations, International Committee of the Red Cross, international law, autonomous, aoutonomous weapons, automatic, automated, military, Weapons",
author = "{Schaub Jr}, {Gary John} and Kristoffersen, {Jens Wenzel}",
year = "2017",
month = feb,
day = "24",
language = "English",
isbn = "9788773937952",
publisher = "Center for milit{\ae}re studier",

}

RIS

TY - RPRT

T1 - In, On, or Out of the Loop?

T2 - Denmark and Autonomous Weapon Systems

AU - Schaub Jr, Gary John

AU - Kristoffersen, Jens Wenzel

PY - 2017/2/24

Y1 - 2017/2/24

N2 - The increasing ability of military weapon systems to perform functions autonomously is a strategic trend with implications for defence policies and warfare in general. Denmark and many of its allies possess weapons that function in an automatic, automated, or autonomous manner – the difference being the degree of sophist ication of weapon responses to external stimuli. Such weapons can be controlled directly with a “man-in-the-loop,” managed by a “man-on-the-loop,” or supervised by a “man-out-of-the-loop.” Although all uses of force by Western militaries take place within an institution alised process that ensures the lawful application of violence, the challenge for policy is to develop technological systems and institutions whose procedures and command structures maintain meaningful human control over these autonomously functioning weapon systems, particularly with regard to the functions of selecting and engaging targets with lethal violence. Like most other advanced democracies, Denmark has not developed a comprehensive policy with regard to weapon systems with autonomous functions. We suggest that Danish decision-makers consider adopting a defence planning mechanism to analyse the issue of autonomous systems and clarify matters of principle and general Danish policy. The topics to be addressed could include a process to consider the acquisition, integration, and utilisation of weapon systems with autonomous functions, including appropriate command and control arrangements.

AB - The increasing ability of military weapon systems to perform functions autonomously is a strategic trend with implications for defence policies and warfare in general. Denmark and many of its allies possess weapons that function in an automatic, automated, or autonomous manner – the difference being the degree of sophist ication of weapon responses to external stimuli. Such weapons can be controlled directly with a “man-in-the-loop,” managed by a “man-on-the-loop,” or supervised by a “man-out-of-the-loop.” Although all uses of force by Western militaries take place within an institution alised process that ensures the lawful application of violence, the challenge for policy is to develop technological systems and institutions whose procedures and command structures maintain meaningful human control over these autonomously functioning weapon systems, particularly with regard to the functions of selecting and engaging targets with lethal violence. Like most other advanced democracies, Denmark has not developed a comprehensive policy with regard to weapon systems with autonomous functions. We suggest that Danish decision-makers consider adopting a defence planning mechanism to analyse the issue of autonomous systems and clarify matters of principle and general Danish policy. The topics to be addressed could include a process to consider the acquisition, integration, and utilisation of weapon systems with autonomous functions, including appropriate command and control arrangements.

KW - Faculty of Social Sciences

KW - Denmark

KW - policy assessment

KW - NATO

KW - United States

KW - United Kingdom

KW - ICRC

KW - United Nations

KW - International Committee of the Red Cross

KW - international law

KW - autonomous

KW - aoutonomous weapons

KW - automatic

KW - automated

KW - military

KW - Weapons

M3 - Report

SN - 9788773937952

BT - In, On, or Out of the Loop?

PB - Center for militære studier

ER -

ID: 173711141