Human RecQL4 helicase plays critical roles in prostate carcinogenesis
Research output: Contribution to journal › Journal article › Research › peer-review
Prostate cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-associated deaths among men in the western countries. Here, we report that human RecQL4 helicase, which is implicated in the pathogenesis of a subset of cancer-prone Rothmund-Thomson syndrome, is highly elevated in metastatic prostate cancer cell lines. Increased RecQL4 expression was also detected in human prostate tumor tissues as a function of tumor grade with the highest expression level in metastatic tumor samples, suggesting that RecQL4 may be a potential prognostic factor for advanced stage of prostate cancer. Transient and stable suppression of RecQL4 by small interfering RNA and short hairpin RNA vectors drastically reduced the growth and survival of metastatic prostate cancer cells, indicating that RecQL4 is a prosurvival factor for prostate cancer cells. RecQL4 suppression led to increased poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) synthesis and RecQL4-suppressed prostate cancer cells underwent an extensive apoptotic death in a PARP-1-dependent manner. Most notably, RecQL4 knockdown in metastatic prostate cancer cells drastically reduced their cell invasiveness in vitro and tumorigenicity in vivo, showing that RecQL4 is essential for prostate cancer promotion. Observation of a direct interaction of retinoblastoma (Rb) and E2F1 proteins with RecQL4 promoter suggests that Rb-E2F1 pathway may regulate RecQL4 expression. Collectively, our study shows that RecQL4 is an essential factor for prostate carcinogenesis.
|Number of pages||11|
|Publication status||Published - 15 Nov 2010|
- Cell Line, Tumor, Cell Movement, Cell Proliferation, Cell Survival, Chromatin Immunoprecipitation, DNA Damage, E2F1 Transcription Factor, Gene Expression Regulation, Enzymologic, Gene Expression Regulation, Neoplastic, Hela Cells, Histone Deacetylase Inhibitors, Humans, Hydroxamic Acids, Immunohistochemistry, In Situ Hybridization, Fluorescence, Male, Promoter Regions, Genetic, Prostatic Neoplasms, Protein Binding, RNA Interference, RecQ Helicases, Retinoblastoma Protein, Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction, Up-Regulation