GIGYF1/2-Driven Cooperation between ZNF598 and TTP in Posttranscriptional Regulation of Inflammatory Signaling

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Inflammatory signaling is restricted through degradation and the translational repression of cytokine mRNAs. A key factor in this regulation is tristetraprolin (TTP), an RNA-binding protein (RBP) that recruits RNA-destabilizing factors and the translation inhibitory complex 4EHP-GIGYF1/2 to AU-rich element (ARE)-containing mRNAs. Here, we show that the RBP ZNF598 contributes to the same regulatory module in a TTP-like manner. Similar to TTP, ZNF598 harbors three proline-rich motifs that bind the GYF domain of GIGYF1. RNA sequencing experiments showed that ZNF598 is required for the regulation of known TTP targets, including IL-8 and CSF2 mRNA. Furthermore, we demonstrate that ZNF598 binds to IL-8 mRNA, but not TNF mRNA. Collectively, our findings highlight that ZNF598 functions as an RBP that buffers the level of a range of mRNAs. We propose that ZNF598 is a TTP-like factor that can contribute to the regulation of the inflammatory potential of cytokine-producing cells.

Original languageEnglish
JournalCell Reports
Issue number13
Pages (from-to)3511-3521.e4
Number of pages16
Publication statusPublished - 2019

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