Genomic Perturbations Reveal Distinct Regulatory Networks in Intrahepatic Cholangiocarcinoma

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Intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) remains a highly heterogeneous malignancy that has eluded effective patient stratification to date. The extent to which such heterogeneity can be influenced by individual driver mutations remains to be evaluated. Here, we analyzed genomic (whole-exome sequencing, targeted exome sequencing) and epigenomic data from 496 patients, and used the three most recurrently mutated genes to stratify patients (IDH, KRAS, TP53, 'undetermined'). Using this molecular dissection approach, each subgroup was determined to possess unique mutational signature preferences, co-mutation profiles and enriched pathways. High-throughput drug repositioning in seven patient-matched cell lines, chosen to reflect the genetic alterations specific for each patient group, confirmed in silico predictions of subgroup-specific vulnerabilities linked to enriched pathways. Intriguingly, patients lacking all 3 mutations ('undetermined') harbored the most extensive structural alterations while IDH mutant tumors displayed the most extensive DNA methylome dysregulation, consistent with previous findings.

CONCLUSION: Stratification of iCCA patients based on occurrence of mutations in three classifier genes (IDH, KRAS, TP53) revealed unique oncogenic programs (mutational, structural, epi-mutational) that influence pharmacologic response in drug repositioning protocols. This genome dissection approach highlights the potential of individual mutations to induce extensive molecular heterogeneity and could facilitate advancement of therapeutic response in this dismal disease. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)949-963
Number of pages15
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2018

    Research areas

  • Journal Article

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