Gastric mucosal interleukin-8 and IL-8 antibody concentrations related to prevailing Helicobacter pylori infections: A Danish-Albanian study

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  • Nielsen, Ole Haagen
  • Thomas Horn
  • Skerdi Prifti
  • Peter Peichl
  • Jens Henrik Scheibel
  • Ivan James Dalton Lindley

Objectives: Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori) appears to initiate an inflammatory cascade. Thus, phagocytes are accumulated in the gastric mucosa in inflammatory conditions. Further, a potent chemotactic mediator, interleukin 8 (IL-8) is synthesized at such sites. The recently described IL- 8 autoantibodies may, however, counteract the pro-inflammatory actions of IL- 8. The aim was to study the correlation between H. pylori infection and IL- 8, together with IL-8 autoantibodies in two different populations from a developed and a developing country. Methods: Two different endoscopically characterized populations (65 Danes and 89 Albanians) were examined. IL-8 and IL-8 autoantibodies were detected by ELISA techniques, and H. pylori was identified by histological examinations. Results: Significantly more Albanian controls and dyspeptic patients (80 out of 89 persons) were H. pylori positive as compared to 24 of 65 Danes (p<0.001). The median IL-8 level among Albanian controls 349 pg/mg protein was significantly higher than among Danes <61 pg/mg protein (p<0.001), (p and as at danish found in level patients peptic same the ulcer was>0.05). Further, H. pylori positive patients from both countries had significantly higher levels of IL-8 as compared to H. pylori negative patients (p<0.001). However, significantly higher levels of IL-8 autoantibodies were found in the Albanian sub-population (median 138 O.D. units versus 52 O.D. units among Danes) (p<0.001). Conclusions: In H. pylori related disorders, a high mucosal IL-8 production has been found. However, this investigation further demonstrates higher levels of IL-8 autoantibodies among dyspeptic patients from a developing country, which might possibly counteract the pro-inflammatory actions of IL-8 by binding the molecule. The physiological significance of an altered immune response as described here needs to be elucidated in future studies.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDanish Medical Bulletin
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)249-252
Number of pages4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 1999

ID: 218717509