Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries

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Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries. / Pejrup, Morten; Mikkelsen, Ole.

In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, Vol. 87, No. 2, 04.2010, p. 177-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Pejrup, M & Mikkelsen, O 2010, 'Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries', Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, vol. 87, no. 2, pp. 177-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028

APA

Pejrup, M., & Mikkelsen, O. (2010). Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science, 87(2), 177-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028

Vancouver

Pejrup M, Mikkelsen O. Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 2010 Apr;87(2):177-185. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028

Author

Pejrup, Morten ; Mikkelsen, Ole. / Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries. In: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science. 2010 ; Vol. 87, No. 2. pp. 177-185.

Bibtex

@article{251810902bc511df8ed1000ea68e967b,
title = "Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries",
abstract = "It has long been recognized that the suspended sediment concentration (SSC) is one of the major determinants for the flocculation of cohesive particles into sediment flocs in estuaries. It is furthermore well known that the turbulent shear of the water significantly influences the flocculation process and the equilibrium settling velocity of flocculated sediment in a turbulent flow. A vast number of authors have reported algorithms relating the median settling velocity (W-50) to suspended sediment concentration. However, only a few studies have dealt with the impact of the turbulent shear (in this paper expressed as the root mean square [rms] velocity gradient, [G]) in the water on the W-50 in situ. There is a strong need to establish algorithms based on in situ measurements describing the dual impact of both SSC and G on the flocculation process, and hence, W-50. The present paper addresses this topic. Field settling velocities of suspended cohesive sediment have been measured in micro-, meso-, and macro-tidal estuaries. Regression analyses between the W-50, SSC and G are presented. It is shown that by including both G and SSC in the regression analyses, a significant increase in the correlation of the description of W-50 and the controlling parameters from each area can be obtained. A generic algorithm describing the data from all the investigated areas is suggested. It works well within specific tidal areas but fails to give a generic description of the field settling velocity.",
keywords = "Faculty of Science, Estuarie, koh{\ae}sivt sediment, faldhastighed, estuary, cohesive sediment, field settling velocity",
author = "Morten Pejrup and Ole Mikkelsen",
note = "Paper id:: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science",
year = "2010",
month = "4",
doi = "10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028",
language = "English",
volume = "87",
pages = "177--185",
journal = "Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science",
issn = "0272-7714",
publisher = "Academic Press",
number = "2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors controlling the field settling velocity of cohesive sediment in estuaries

AU - Pejrup, Morten

AU - Mikkelsen, Ole

N1 - Paper id:: Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

PY - 2010/4

Y1 - 2010/4

N2 - It has long been recognized that the suspended sediment concentration (SSC) is one of the major determinants for the flocculation of cohesive particles into sediment flocs in estuaries. It is furthermore well known that the turbulent shear of the water significantly influences the flocculation process and the equilibrium settling velocity of flocculated sediment in a turbulent flow. A vast number of authors have reported algorithms relating the median settling velocity (W-50) to suspended sediment concentration. However, only a few studies have dealt with the impact of the turbulent shear (in this paper expressed as the root mean square [rms] velocity gradient, [G]) in the water on the W-50 in situ. There is a strong need to establish algorithms based on in situ measurements describing the dual impact of both SSC and G on the flocculation process, and hence, W-50. The present paper addresses this topic. Field settling velocities of suspended cohesive sediment have been measured in micro-, meso-, and macro-tidal estuaries. Regression analyses between the W-50, SSC and G are presented. It is shown that by including both G and SSC in the regression analyses, a significant increase in the correlation of the description of W-50 and the controlling parameters from each area can be obtained. A generic algorithm describing the data from all the investigated areas is suggested. It works well within specific tidal areas but fails to give a generic description of the field settling velocity.

AB - It has long been recognized that the suspended sediment concentration (SSC) is one of the major determinants for the flocculation of cohesive particles into sediment flocs in estuaries. It is furthermore well known that the turbulent shear of the water significantly influences the flocculation process and the equilibrium settling velocity of flocculated sediment in a turbulent flow. A vast number of authors have reported algorithms relating the median settling velocity (W-50) to suspended sediment concentration. However, only a few studies have dealt with the impact of the turbulent shear (in this paper expressed as the root mean square [rms] velocity gradient, [G]) in the water on the W-50 in situ. There is a strong need to establish algorithms based on in situ measurements describing the dual impact of both SSC and G on the flocculation process, and hence, W-50. The present paper addresses this topic. Field settling velocities of suspended cohesive sediment have been measured in micro-, meso-, and macro-tidal estuaries. Regression analyses between the W-50, SSC and G are presented. It is shown that by including both G and SSC in the regression analyses, a significant increase in the correlation of the description of W-50 and the controlling parameters from each area can be obtained. A generic algorithm describing the data from all the investigated areas is suggested. It works well within specific tidal areas but fails to give a generic description of the field settling velocity.

KW - Faculty of Science

KW - Estuarie

KW - kohæsivt sediment

KW - faldhastighed

KW - estuary

KW - cohesive sediment

KW - field settling velocity

U2 - 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028

DO - 10.1016/j.ecss.2009.09.028

M3 - Journal article

VL - 87

SP - 177

EP - 185

JO - Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

JF - Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science

SN - 0272-7714

IS - 2

ER -

ID: 18480328