Expression of E-selectin, sialyl Lewis X, and macrophage inflammatory protein-1α by colonic epithelial cells in ulcerative colitis

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The pathogenic significance of cell adhesion molecules (CAMs) in ulcerative colitis (UC) is largely unknown. Colonic expression of E-selectin, sialyl Lewis X (sLe(x)), and macrophage inflammatory protein-1x (MIP-1α) as well as serum concentrations of E-selectin and MIP-1α in UC were studied. Thirty patients with UC, 10 patients with irritable bowel syndrome, and 10 healthy subjects were included. Colonic biopsies were stained immunohistochemically, and blood concentrations were measured with an ELISA technique. Soluble E-selectin did not correlate with diagnosis or disease activity, MIP-1α was below the detection limit. Epithelial cells expressed all three molecules, both on surface membranes and intracellularly. sLe(x) staining was weaker (P = 0.0002) and MIP-1α staining stronger (P = 0.014) in UC patients than in controls. Leukocyte MIP-α staining correlated with diagnosis (P = 0.021), sLe(x) staining (P = 0.023), and colonoscopy (P = 0.018). It is shown that E-selectin, sLe(x), and MIP-1α are synthesized and expressed by epithelial cells, indicating that CAMs are not only involved in leukocyte extravasation and migration, but also in the interaction between leukocytes and colonic epithelium. This knowledge might contribute to the development of improved treatments in UC.

Original languageEnglish
JournalDigestive Diseases and Sciences
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)596-608
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 18 Apr 1998

    Research areas

  • Cell adhesion molecules, Colitis, E-selectin, Inflammatory bowel disease, Macrophage inflammatory protein-1α, Sialyl Lewis X, Ulcerative

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