Exploring the neuroleptic substituent in octoclothepin: potential ligands for positron emission tomography with subnanomolar affinity for alpha1-adrenoceptors

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A series of 1-(10,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiepin-10-yl)-4-methylpiperazine analogues substituted in the 8-position of the 10,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiepine scaffold with aryl, heteroaryl, amine, and amide substituents are described. The compounds were designed using the previously reported Liljefors-Bøgesø pharmacophore model for dopamine D(2) and a(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists, with the aim of obtaining selective a(1)-adrenoceptor antagonists suitable for development as radioligands for imaging of central a(1)-adrenoceptors by positron emission tomography. Sixteen aryl and heteroaryl substituted octoclothepin analogues were prepared by a convergent synthesis via coupling of 1-methyl-4-(8-(4,4,5,5-tetramethyl-1,3,2-dioxaborolan-2-yl)-10,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiepin-10-yl)piperazine with aryl and heteroaryl halides under palladium catalysis. The most selective compound obtained, (S)-N-((11-(4-methylpiperazin-1-yl)-10,11-dihydrodibenzo[b,f]thiepin-2-yl)methyl)isobutyramide (S)-35, showed a similar subnanomolar affinity compared to a(1a), a(1b), and a(1d)-adrenoceptors and a selectivity ratio of 20, 440, and 20 with respect to D(2), 5-HT(2C), and H(1) receptors, respectively.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Medicinal Chemistry
Issue number19
Pages (from-to)7021-7034
Publication statusPublished - 2010

ID: 22431746