Estimation of reference values for urinary 1-hydroxypyrene and alpha-naphthol in Danish workers
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In order to assess environmentally and occupationally related exposures to PAH compounds it is essential to have reference or normal values in human body fluids. The establishment of reliable reference intervals is an absolute pre-requisite in determining relationships between internal PAH exposure in humans and health effects in occupationally exposed workers. In this context the estimation of the biological level of PAH metabolites in urine from reference populations has become increasingly important in the field of environmental and occupational toxicology. The present study describes the calculation of tentative reference values for urinary 1-hydroxypyrene on the basis of two reference populations and for urinary alpha-naphthol on the basis of one reference population in accordance with IFCC recommendations. The study subjects were 115 healthy male workers occupationally exposed to PAH at low levels and 121 reference subjects non-occupationally exposed to PAH. Tentative reference values for urinary 1-hydroxypyrene were estimated. In addition, 236 healthy male workers were used to estimate tentative reference values for urinary alpha-naphthol. The reference populations were described by distribution free one-sided tolerance intervals. The 95% one-sided tolerance limit calculated for 1-hydroxypyrene in urine was 0.053 mumol/mol creatinine for non-occupationally exposed individuals and 0.169 mumol/mol creatinine for low level PAH exposed workers, with the coverage interval (95 +/- 4.5) percent at a probability of 0.95. Thus, the probability was 0.975 that the tolerance interval included at least 90.5% of the distribution. In addition, the probability was 0.025 that the tolerance interval included > 99.5% of the population. The tolerance interval for alpha-naphthol in urine was 5.665 mumol/mol creatinine with the coverage interval (95 +/- 4.5) percent at a probability of 0.95.
|Journal||The Science of the Total Environment|
|Number of pages||9|
|Publication status||Published - 24 Feb 1995|
- Air Pollutants, Occupational, Denmark, Humans, Male, Naphthols, Pyrenes, Reference Values