Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners

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Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners. / Vorup Petersen, Jacob; Tybirk, Jonas; Gunnarsson, Thomas Petursson; Ravnholt, Tanja Højegaard; Dalsgaard, Sarah; Bangsbo, Jens.

In: European Journal of Applied Physiology, Vol. 116, No. 7, 2016, p. 1331-1341.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Vorup Petersen, J, Tybirk, J, Gunnarsson, TP, Ravnholt, TH, Dalsgaard, S & Bangsbo, J 2016, 'Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners', European Journal of Applied Physiology, vol. 116, no. 7, pp. 1331-1341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4

APA

Vorup Petersen, J., Tybirk, J., Gunnarsson, T. P., Ravnholt, T. H., Dalsgaard, S., & Bangsbo, J. (2016). Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 116(7), 1331-1341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4

Vancouver

Vorup Petersen J, Tybirk J, Gunnarsson TP, Ravnholt TH, Dalsgaard S, Bangsbo J. Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners. European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2016;116(7):1331-1341. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4

Author

Vorup Petersen, Jacob ; Tybirk, Jonas ; Gunnarsson, Thomas Petursson ; Ravnholt, Tanja Højegaard ; Dalsgaard, Sarah ; Bangsbo, Jens. / Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners. In: European Journal of Applied Physiology. 2016 ; Vol. 116, No. 7. pp. 1331-1341.

Bibtex

@article{3267b47ac0b94491a45b10fa50044928,
title = "Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners",
abstract = "PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of combined strength and speed endurance (SE) training along with a reduced training volume on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners.METHODS: Sixteen male endurance runners (VO2-max: ~60 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) were randomly assigned to either a combined strength and SE training (CSS; n = 9) or a control (CON; n = 7) group. For 8 weeks, CSS replaced their normal moderate-intensity training (~63 km week(-1)) with SE (2 × week(-1)) and strength training (2 × week(-1)) as well as aerobic high (1 × week(-1)) and moderate (1 × week(-1)) intensity training with a reduction in total volume of ~58 {\%}, whereas CON continued their training (~45 km week(-1)).RESULTS: In CSS, 400-m and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance was improved by 5 {\%} (P < 0.01) and 19 {\%} (P < 0.001), respectively, during the intervention period. Maximal aerobic speed was 0.6 km h(-1) higher (P < 0.05), and maximal activity of lactate dehydrogenase subunits 1 and 2 was 17 {\%} (P < 0.05) higher after compared to before the intervention period. Time to exhaustion and peak blood lactate during an incremental treadmill test was 9 {\%} (P < 0.05) and 32 {\%} (P < 0.01), respectively, higher and expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump β1 subunit was 15 {\%} higher (P < 0.05) after compared to before the intervention period. 10-K performance, maximum oxygen uptake and running economy were unchanged. In CON, no changes were observed.CONCLUSIONS: Adding strength and speed endurance training, along with a reduced training volume, can improve short-term exercise capacity and induce muscular adaptations related to anaerobic capacity in endurance-trained runners.",
author = "{Vorup Petersen}, Jacob and Jonas Tybirk and Gunnarsson, {Thomas Petursson} and Ravnholt, {Tanja H{\o}jegaard} and Sarah Dalsgaard and Jens Bangsbo",
note = "CURIS 2016 NEXS 144",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4",
language = "English",
volume = "116",
pages = "1331--1341",
journal = "European Journal of Applied Physiology",
issn = "1439-6319",
publisher = "Springer",
number = "7",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Effect of speed endurance and strength training on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners

AU - Vorup Petersen, Jacob

AU - Tybirk, Jonas

AU - Gunnarsson, Thomas Petursson

AU - Ravnholt, Tanja Højegaard

AU - Dalsgaard, Sarah

AU - Bangsbo, Jens

N1 - CURIS 2016 NEXS 144

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of combined strength and speed endurance (SE) training along with a reduced training volume on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners.METHODS: Sixteen male endurance runners (VO2-max: ~60 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) were randomly assigned to either a combined strength and SE training (CSS; n = 9) or a control (CON; n = 7) group. For 8 weeks, CSS replaced their normal moderate-intensity training (~63 km week(-1)) with SE (2 × week(-1)) and strength training (2 × week(-1)) as well as aerobic high (1 × week(-1)) and moderate (1 × week(-1)) intensity training with a reduction in total volume of ~58 %, whereas CON continued their training (~45 km week(-1)).RESULTS: In CSS, 400-m and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance was improved by 5 % (P < 0.01) and 19 % (P < 0.001), respectively, during the intervention period. Maximal aerobic speed was 0.6 km h(-1) higher (P < 0.05), and maximal activity of lactate dehydrogenase subunits 1 and 2 was 17 % (P < 0.05) higher after compared to before the intervention period. Time to exhaustion and peak blood lactate during an incremental treadmill test was 9 % (P < 0.05) and 32 % (P < 0.01), respectively, higher and expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump β1 subunit was 15 % higher (P < 0.05) after compared to before the intervention period. 10-K performance, maximum oxygen uptake and running economy were unchanged. In CON, no changes were observed.CONCLUSIONS: Adding strength and speed endurance training, along with a reduced training volume, can improve short-term exercise capacity and induce muscular adaptations related to anaerobic capacity in endurance-trained runners.

AB - PURPOSE: To investigate the effects of combined strength and speed endurance (SE) training along with a reduced training volume on performance, running economy and muscular adaptations in endurance-trained runners.METHODS: Sixteen male endurance runners (VO2-max: ~60 ml kg(-1) min(-1)) were randomly assigned to either a combined strength and SE training (CSS; n = 9) or a control (CON; n = 7) group. For 8 weeks, CSS replaced their normal moderate-intensity training (~63 km week(-1)) with SE (2 × week(-1)) and strength training (2 × week(-1)) as well as aerobic high (1 × week(-1)) and moderate (1 × week(-1)) intensity training with a reduction in total volume of ~58 %, whereas CON continued their training (~45 km week(-1)).RESULTS: In CSS, 400-m and Yo-Yo intermittent recovery test performance was improved by 5 % (P < 0.01) and 19 % (P < 0.001), respectively, during the intervention period. Maximal aerobic speed was 0.6 km h(-1) higher (P < 0.05), and maximal activity of lactate dehydrogenase subunits 1 and 2 was 17 % (P < 0.05) higher after compared to before the intervention period. Time to exhaustion and peak blood lactate during an incremental treadmill test was 9 % (P < 0.05) and 32 % (P < 0.01), respectively, higher and expression of Na(+)-K(+) pump β1 subunit was 15 % higher (P < 0.05) after compared to before the intervention period. 10-K performance, maximum oxygen uptake and running economy were unchanged. In CON, no changes were observed.CONCLUSIONS: Adding strength and speed endurance training, along with a reduced training volume, can improve short-term exercise capacity and induce muscular adaptations related to anaerobic capacity in endurance-trained runners.

U2 - 10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4

DO - 10.1007/s00421-016-3356-4

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 27179795

VL - 116

SP - 1331

EP - 1341

JO - European Journal of Applied Physiology

JF - European Journal of Applied Physiology

SN - 1439-6319

IS - 7

ER -

ID: 161917440