Effect of nitrification inhibitor (DMPP) on nitrous oxide emissions from agricultural fields: Automated and manual measurements
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Nitrogen fertilisation contributes significantly to the atmospheric increase of nitrous oxide (N2O). Application of nitrification inhibitors (NIs) is a promising strategy to mitigate N2O emissions and improve N-use efficiency in agricultural systems. This study investigated the effect of NI, 3,4-dimethylpyrazol phosphate (DMPP) on N2O mitigation from spring barley and spring oilseed rape. Manual and automatic chamber methodologies were used to capture spatial and temporal variability in N2O emissions. In a second experiment, we study the effect of N fertiliser levels without NI (0 %, 50 %, 100 %, 150 % and 200 % of recommended amount of N fertiliser), as well as 100 % of N with NI on N2O emissions in spring barley. The automated chamber measurements showed dynamics of N2O changes throughout the season, including positive and negative peaks that were unobservable with manual chambers due to low temporal resolution. Although not significant, application of NI tended to reduce N2O emissions. The reduction was on average 16 % in spring barley and 58 % in spring oilseed rape in manual chamber measurements. However, N2O reduction was 108 % in continuous automatic chamber measurements in spring barley. The N2O EFs for the growing season were very low (0.025 % to 0.148 %), with a greater reduction in EF in spring oilseed rape (76 %) than in spring barley (32 %) with NI application. A positive correlation (R = 80 %) was observed between N fertiliser levels and N2O emissions. Crop yield and crop N uptake were not significantly affected by the use of NI. This study highlighted that NI can reduce N2O emissions, but the reduction effects are plot, crop and microclimate specific. Long-term experiments with continuous plot-scale measurements are needed to capture and optimise N2O mitigation effect of NIs across wide variability in soils and microclimates in agroecosystems.
|Journal||Science of the Total Environment|
|Number of pages||14|
|Publication status||Published - 2022|
This study is part of NATEF (National emission factor for nitrous oxide gas) project as a start-up measurement program, funded by Ministry of Environment and Food of Denmark, The Danish Agricultural Agency under Climate Research Programme 2019-2022, as well as AnaEE Denmark ( www.anaee.dk ), funded by the Ministry of Higher Education and Science .
© 2022 The Authors
- Agricultural soils, Automatic chambers, Mitigation, Nitrification inhibitor, Nitrous oxide
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