Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced Ultrasound of Colorectal Liver Metastases as an Imaging Modality for Early Response Prediction to Chemotherapy

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  • Marie Benzon Mogensen
  • Martin Lundsgaard Hansen
  • Birthe Merete Henriksen
  • Thomas Axelsen
  • Ben Vainer
  • Kell Osterlind
  • Nielsen, Michael Bachmann

Our aim was to investigate whether dynamic contrast-enhanced ultrasound (DCE-US) can detect early changes in perfusion of colorectal liver metastases after initiation of chemotherapy. Newly diagnosed patients with colorectal cancer with liver metastases were enrolled in this explorative prospective study. Patients were treated with capecitabine or 5-fluorouracil-based chemotherapy with or without bevacizumab. DCE-US was performed before therapy (baseline) and again 10 days after initiation of treatment. Change in contrast-enhancement in one liver metastasis (indicator lesion) was measured. Treatment response was evaluated with a computed tomography (CT) scan after three cycles of treatment and the initially observed DCE-US change of the indicator lesion was related to the observed CT response. Eighteen patients were included. Six did not complete three series of chemotherapy and the evaluation CT scan, leaving twelve patients for analysis. Early changes in perfusion parameters using DCE-US did not correlate well with subsequent CT changes. A subgroup analysis of eight patients receiving bevacizumab, however, demonstrated a statistically significant correlation (p = 0.045) between early changes in perfusion measures of peak enhancement at DCE-US and tumor shrinkage at CT scan. The study indicates that early changes in DCE-US perfusion measures may predict subsequent treatment response of colorectal liver metastases in patients receiving bevacizumab.

Original languageEnglish
Article number35
Issue number2
Number of pages9
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2017

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