Development of a recommended food intake pattern for healthy Danish adolescents consistent with the Danish dietary guidelines, nutrient recommendations and national food preferences

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

  • Anja Biltoft-Jensen
  • Ellen Trolle
  • Tue Christensen
  • K H Ygil
  • Sisse Fagt
  • Jeppe Matthiessen
  • Margit Velsing Groth
  • Tetens, Inge

BACKGROUND: Danish adolescents have poor dietary habits compared to current recommendations. The present study aimed to develop a recommended food intake pattern for adolescents consistent with Danish Dietary Guidelines (DDG), Nordic Nutrition Recommendations (NNR) and dietary preferences.

METHODS: The nutrient content of a food intake pattern consistent with DDG was calculated using dietary intake data from a random sample of 11-15-year-old boys (n = 85) and girls (n = 70). A recommended food intake pattern was modelled to meet NNR. The discretionary energy allowance was calculated as the difference between the total energy level and the energy needed to meet recommended nutrient needs. The flexibility of the recommended food intake pattern was tested against various energy requirements and with the inclusion of basic foods with higher sugar and/or fat content.

RESULTS: The developed food intake pattern meets all nutrient goals except for vitamin D. At low energy requirements, the intake of iron and selenium is of concern. To fulfil nutrient recommendations, half of the bread/cereals and vegetables consumed should be fibre-rich, and fats should be of plant origin.

CONCLUSIONS: The recommended food intake pattern meets most nutrient recommendations and makes it possible to advise on discretionary energy.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)451-163
Number of pages13
Publication statusPublished - 2008
Externally publishedYes

    Research areas

  • Adolescent, Children, Denmark, Diet, Dietary Fats, Dietary Fiber, Dietary Sucrose, Edible Grain, Energy Intake, Female, Food Preferences, Health Promotion, Humans, Iron, Dietary, Male, Micronutrients, Nutrition Policy, Nutritional Requirements, Selenium, Vegetables, Dietary advice, Discretionary energy, Healthy eating

ID: 184388573