Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques

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Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques. / Woods, Alan A; Linton, Stuart M; Davies, Michael Jonathan.

In: Biochemical Journal, Vol. 370, No. Pt 2, 01.03.2003, p. 729-35.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Harvard

Woods, AA, Linton, SM & Davies, MJ 2003, 'Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques', Biochemical Journal, vol. 370, no. Pt 2, pp. 729-35. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20021710

APA

Woods, A. A., Linton, S. M., & Davies, M. J. (2003). Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques. Biochemical Journal, 370(Pt 2), 729-35. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20021710

Vancouver

Woods AA, Linton SM, Davies MJ. Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques. Biochemical Journal. 2003 Mar 1;370(Pt 2):729-35. https://doi.org/10.1042/BJ20021710

Author

Woods, Alan A ; Linton, Stuart M ; Davies, Michael Jonathan. / Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques. In: Biochemical Journal. 2003 ; Vol. 370, No. Pt 2. pp. 729-35.

Bibtex

@article{d8bd6a89f5e74d61ae81766ea8d1c08e,
title = "Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques",
abstract = "Oxidation is believed to play a role in atherosclerosis. Oxidized lipids, sterols and proteins have been detected in early, intermediate and advanced human lesions at elevated levels. The spectrum of oxidized side-chain products detected on proteins from homogenates of advanced human lesions has been interpreted in terms of the occurrence of two oxidative mechanisms, one involving oxygen-derived radicals catalysed by trace transition metal ions, and a second involving chlorinating species (HOCl or Cl2), generated by the haem enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO). As MPO is released extracellularly by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages) and is a highly basic protein, it would be expected to associate with polyanions such as the glycosaminoglycans of the extracellular matrix, and might result in damage being localized at such sites. In this study proteins extracted from extracellular matrix material obtained from advanced human atherosclerotic lesions are shown to contain elevated levels of oxidized amino acids [3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), di-tyrosine, 2-hydroxyphenylalanine ( o-Tyr)] when compared with healthy (human and pig) arterial tissue. These matrix-derived materials account for 83-96{\%} of the total oxidized protein side-chain products detected in these plaques. Oxidation of matrix components extracted from healthy artery tissue, and model proteins, with reagent HOCl is shown to give rise to a similar pattern of products to those detected in advanced human lesions. The detection of elevated levels of DOPA and o-Tyr, which have been previously attributed to the occurrence of oxygen-radical-mediated reactions, by HOCl treatment, suggests an alternative route to the formation of these materials in plaques. This is believed to involve the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein chloramines.",
keywords = "Amino Acids, Animals, Aorta, Arteriosclerosis, Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid, Extracellular Matrix, Humans, Hypochlorous Acid, Oxidation-Reduction, Swine",
author = "Woods, {Alan A} and Linton, {Stuart M} and Davies, {Michael Jonathan}",
year = "2003",
month = "3",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1042/BJ20021710",
language = "English",
volume = "370",
pages = "729--35",
journal = "Biochemical Journal",
issn = "0264-6021",
publisher = "Portland Press Ltd.",
number = "Pt 2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Detection of HOCl-mediated protein oxidation products in the extracellular matrix of human atherosclerotic plaques

AU - Woods, Alan A

AU - Linton, Stuart M

AU - Davies, Michael Jonathan

PY - 2003/3/1

Y1 - 2003/3/1

N2 - Oxidation is believed to play a role in atherosclerosis. Oxidized lipids, sterols and proteins have been detected in early, intermediate and advanced human lesions at elevated levels. The spectrum of oxidized side-chain products detected on proteins from homogenates of advanced human lesions has been interpreted in terms of the occurrence of two oxidative mechanisms, one involving oxygen-derived radicals catalysed by trace transition metal ions, and a second involving chlorinating species (HOCl or Cl2), generated by the haem enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO). As MPO is released extracellularly by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages) and is a highly basic protein, it would be expected to associate with polyanions such as the glycosaminoglycans of the extracellular matrix, and might result in damage being localized at such sites. In this study proteins extracted from extracellular matrix material obtained from advanced human atherosclerotic lesions are shown to contain elevated levels of oxidized amino acids [3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), di-tyrosine, 2-hydroxyphenylalanine ( o-Tyr)] when compared with healthy (human and pig) arterial tissue. These matrix-derived materials account for 83-96% of the total oxidized protein side-chain products detected in these plaques. Oxidation of matrix components extracted from healthy artery tissue, and model proteins, with reagent HOCl is shown to give rise to a similar pattern of products to those detected in advanced human lesions. The detection of elevated levels of DOPA and o-Tyr, which have been previously attributed to the occurrence of oxygen-radical-mediated reactions, by HOCl treatment, suggests an alternative route to the formation of these materials in plaques. This is believed to involve the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein chloramines.

AB - Oxidation is believed to play a role in atherosclerosis. Oxidized lipids, sterols and proteins have been detected in early, intermediate and advanced human lesions at elevated levels. The spectrum of oxidized side-chain products detected on proteins from homogenates of advanced human lesions has been interpreted in terms of the occurrence of two oxidative mechanisms, one involving oxygen-derived radicals catalysed by trace transition metal ions, and a second involving chlorinating species (HOCl or Cl2), generated by the haem enzyme myeloperoxidase (MPO). As MPO is released extracellularly by activated monocytes (and possibly macrophages) and is a highly basic protein, it would be expected to associate with polyanions such as the glycosaminoglycans of the extracellular matrix, and might result in damage being localized at such sites. In this study proteins extracted from extracellular matrix material obtained from advanced human atherosclerotic lesions are shown to contain elevated levels of oxidized amino acids [3,4-dihydroxyphenylalanine (DOPA), di-tyrosine, 2-hydroxyphenylalanine ( o-Tyr)] when compared with healthy (human and pig) arterial tissue. These matrix-derived materials account for 83-96% of the total oxidized protein side-chain products detected in these plaques. Oxidation of matrix components extracted from healthy artery tissue, and model proteins, with reagent HOCl is shown to give rise to a similar pattern of products to those detected in advanced human lesions. The detection of elevated levels of DOPA and o-Tyr, which have been previously attributed to the occurrence of oxygen-radical-mediated reactions, by HOCl treatment, suggests an alternative route to the formation of these materials in plaques. This is believed to involve the formation and subsequent decomposition of protein chloramines.

KW - Amino Acids

KW - Animals

KW - Aorta

KW - Arteriosclerosis

KW - Chromatography, High Pressure Liquid

KW - Extracellular Matrix

KW - Humans

KW - Hypochlorous Acid

KW - Oxidation-Reduction

KW - Swine

U2 - 10.1042/BJ20021710

DO - 10.1042/BJ20021710

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 12456264

VL - 370

SP - 729

EP - 735

JO - Biochemical Journal

JF - Biochemical Journal

SN - 0264-6021

IS - Pt 2

ER -

ID: 138276473