Correlation of iris biometrics and DNA

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The presented work concerns prediction of complex human phenotypes from genotypes. We were interested in correlating iris color and texture with DNA. Our data consist of 212 eye images along with DNA: 32 single-nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs). We used two types of biometrics to describe the eye images: One for iris color and one for iris texture. Both biometrics were high dimensional and a sparse principle component analysis (SPCA) reduced the dimensions and resulted in a representation of data with good interpretability. The correlations between the sparse principal components (SPCs) and the 32 SNPs were found using a canonical correlation analysis (CCA). The result was a single significant canonical correlation (CC) for both biometrics. Each CC comprised two correlated canonical variables, consisting of a linear combination of SPCs and a linear combination of SNPs, respectively. The significant canonical variables for color and texture were primarily explained by the first SPC (SPC1). Therefore, we made a visual inspection of the first SPCs. The color based SPC1 explained a blue to brown variation in iris color and the texture based SPC1 gave a general explanation of iris texture. The SNPs (rs12896399, rs3733542, rs6475555, rs12913832) and (rs12896399, rs3733542, rs12913832) had the highest correlation to the canonical variable for color and texture, respectively. Three of the most contributing SNPs were the same for both biometrics, revealing a covariance between iris color and texture.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2013 International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, IWBF 2013
Publication date2013
Article number6547325
ISBN (Print)9781467349895
Publication statusPublished - 2013
Event1st International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, IWBF 2013 - Lisbon, Portugal
Duration: 4 Apr 20135 Apr 2013


Conference1st International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, IWBF 2013
Series2013 International Workshop on Biometrics and Forensics, IWBF 2013

    Research areas

  • biometrics, canonical correlation analysis, DNA, iris color, iris texture

ID: 276217146