Control of Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis: The best way forward for sub-Saharan Africa?

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal article

  • Sarah Gabriël
  • Pierre Dorny
  • Evans Kabemba Mwape
  • Chiara Trevisan
  • Uffe Christian Braae
  • Magnussen, Pascal
  • Séverine Thys
  • Carol Bulaya
  • I.K. Phiri
  • Chummy Sikasunge
  • C Makungu
  • Sonia Afonso
  • Q Nicolau
  • Johansen, Maria Vang
Taenia solium taeniasis/cysticercosis is a neglected parasitic zoonosis with significant economic and public health impacts. Control measures can be broadly grouped into community health education, improvements in hygiene and sanitary conditions, proper meat handling at household and community level, improved standards of meat inspection, pig management, treatment of individual patients and possibly human populations, and treatment and/or vaccination of porcine populations. This manuscript looks critically into currently existing control options and provides suggestions on which (combination of) tools would be most effective in the control of T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis in sub-Saharan Africa. Field data and disease transmission simulations suggest that implementation of a single intervention control strategy will not lead to a satisfactory reduction of disease morbidity or transmission. A feasible strategy to combat T. solium taeniasis/cysticercosis would include a combination of approaches focussing on both human (health education and treatment) and animal host (management, treatment and vaccination), which can vary for different communities and different geographical locations. Selection of the specific strategy depends on cost-effectiveness analyses based on solid field data, currently unavailable, though urgently needed; as well as on health priorities and resources of the country. A One Health approach involving medical, veterinary, environmental and social sectors is essential for T. solium to be controlled and eventually eliminated. Finally the success of any intervention is largely dependent on the level of societal and political acceptance, commitment and engagement.
Original languageEnglish
JournalActa Tropica
Volume165
Pages (from-to)252-260
ISSN0001-706X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2017

ID: 161735233