Considerations on the Kinetic Processes in the Preparation of Ternary Co-Amorphous Systems by Milling

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In non-strongly interacting co-amorphous systems, addition of a polymer, to further stabilize the co-amorphous systems, may influence the phase behavior between the components. In this study, the evolution of the composition of the amorphous phase in the ternary system carvedilol (CAR)-tryptophan (TRP)-hydroxypropylmethyl cellulose (HPMC) was investigated, based upon previously formed and characterized binary systems to which the third component was added (CAR − TRP + HPMC, CAR − HPMC + TRP and TRP − HPMC + CAR). Ball milling was used as the preparation method for all binary and ternary systems. The influence of the milling time on the co-amorphous systems was monitored by DSC and XRPD. Addition of HPMC reduced the miscibility of CAR with TRP due to hydrogen bond formation between CAR and polymer. These bonds became dominant for the interaction pattern. In addition, when CAR or TRP exceeded the miscibility limit in HPMC, phase separation and eventually crystallization of CAR and TRP was observed. All ternary co-amorphous systems eventually reached the same composition, albeit following different paths depending on the initially used binary system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number172
Issue number1
Number of pages14
Publication statusPublished - 2023

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© 2023 by the authors.

    Research areas

  • Gordon-Taylor equation, miscibility, molecular interaction, phase separation, polymer, poorly water-soluble drugs, ternary amorphous system

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